How can you save the Earth against climate change?Written by Prakriti Thapa
"Climate" describes conditions over the long term and over an entire region. Climate is the big picture. It is the big picture of temperatures, rainfall, wind and other conditions over a larger region and a longer time than weather. Earth has its own control system. The oceans, the land, the air, the plants and animals, and the energy from the Sun all affect each other to make everything work in harmony. Nothing changes in one place without changing something in another place. The overall effect gives us our global climate.
Global climate is the average climate over the entire planet. the reason scientists and folks like you are concerned is that Earth's global climate is changing. The planet is warming up fast—faster than at any time scientists know about from their studies of Earth's entire history.
Rain patterns are changing, sea level is rising, and snow and ice are melting sooner in the spring. As global temperatures continue to rise, we'll see more changes in our climate and our environment. These changes will affect people, animals, and ecosystems in many ways.
Less rain can mean less water for some places, while too much rain can cause terrible flooding. More hot days can dry up crops and make people and animals sick. In some places, people will struggle to cope with a changing environment whereas In other places, people may be able to successfully prepare for these changes.
The negative impacts of global climate change will be less severe overall if people reduce the amount of greenhouse gases we're putting into the atmosphere and worse if we continue producing these gases at current or faster rates.
Global warming and climate change are caused by a phenomenon known as the greenhouse effect. A greenhouse (or glasshouse) is good for growing things because it traps heat inside and stays hotter than the atmosphere around it. examples of greenhouse gases in the Earth's atmosphere are water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone.
The greenhouse effect is a natural role of Earth’s atmosphere. Gases in the atmosphere, especially water vapor, cover the Earth preventing the sun’s heat from escaping. The Earth stays warm and life thrives. Unfortunately, human activity, especially the use of fossil fuels, has increased the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. More heat is absorbed, increasing the greenhouse effect and bringing negative effects to Earth’s life.
By learning all this information you are a step closer into helping our Earth become Healthy again. Some of the ways you can help may have to wait until you are older, like installing solar panels on the roofs of your house or choosing an energy efficient car.
BUT as kids there are still many ways in which you can help right now. You can help by growing your own vegetables and fruits. You can also help by planting a tree or you could spread the news to friends and family and help them take ACTION!