Germany Chloe Epperson

Germany is located in central Europe and has a population of nearly 81 million people. It is surrounded by Denmark, Poland, Austria, Czech Republic, Switzerland, France, Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands. From 1945 to 1990, Germany was a divided nation. East Germany had a communist government while West Germany was a parliamentary democracy. Germany was reunited in 1990 following the decline of the soviets in the east. German citizens call their country Bundesrepublik Deutschland.

Joachim Gauck is the President of the Federal Republic of Germany.

The German flag consists of three bands of black, red, and gold. The current flag was adopted in 1919.

One of the major rivers that runs through Germany is the Rhine. It begins in the Swiss Alps and forms part of the Swiss-German border. The word Rhine is of Celtic origin and means "raging river."

Germany is known for its amazing castles. One of Germany's most popular tourist attractions is the Castle of Neuschwanstein located in Schwangau, Germany. It was built by King Ludwig II in the 1800's. It is considered one of the most popular castles in Europe. In the summertime, nearly 6,000 tourists visit the castle each day. It is called the "castle of the fairy tale King." Nearly 1.4 million people visit the castle each year. Construction of the castle began in 1869 and took 23 years to be completed in 1892.

The ruins of the Heidelberg Castle are found in Heidelberg, Germany. It is a Renaissance structure that attracts over a million visitors each year from all over the world.

Linderhof Palace was built by Ludwig II in Ettal, Germany between 1863 and 1886. It is open to tourists year round. One of its most striking features is a hall of mirrors.

Berlin is both the largest city in Germany and also the German capital. It has a population of nearly 3.6 million people.

Another popular tourist destination is The Berlin Wall Memorial. The Berlin Wall was built after World War 2 as a barrier to divide the democratic East Berlin and the socialist West Berlin from 1961 to 1989. Demolition of the wall began on June 13, 1990 and concluded in 1992. A portion of the Berlin Wall was preserved for historical purposes and can be visited by tourists. Above is a picture of the Berlin Wall prior to its demotion. Germany celebrates October 3 as National Unity Day.

This is the Berlin Wall Memorial which is open to tourists. It is the only portion of the Berlin Wall remaining today.

Checkpoint Charlie is a former sentry guard house in Berlin that was used as a crossing checkpoint between east and west Berlin during the cold war to prevent East Germans from crossing over into West Germany.

Adolph Hitler is opined to be the most notorious German in recent history, He was the leader of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945. Hitler's anti-Semitic policies precipitated the genocide of 6 million Jewish citizens (2/3 of the world's Jewish population). This came to be known as the Holocaust. 50 million people perished in World War 2 which was precipitated by Hitler's policies and Germany's invasion into neighboring countries Poland, England, Belgium, France, Norway, Denmark, the Soviet Union, and Luxembourg. Following World War 2, Germany was divided into the East and West, and its economy was in shambles.

Today, there are approximately 100,000 Jewish people living in Germany, which is less than 1% of the population. 34% of Germans are practicing protestants, 34% are Catholic, 4% are Islamic, and 28% are other.

Today, Germany uses the Euro as its form of currency along with 19 other states in the European union. This allows its citizens to travel to other participating countries and not have to exchange currency.

The German city of Munich is known for its Octoberfest celebration and beer halls. Shown are German youth celebrating Octobwerfest. The German population is comprised of 91% Germans, 2% Turkish, .7% Italians, .4% Greek, .4% Polish, and 4.6% other. The national language is German.

The Chillicothe R-2 School District is hosting 2 German foreign exchange students for the 2016-2017 school year. One of these students is Hannah Marxsen, a sophomore at Chillicothe High School. Hannah was interviewed for her perspective on portions of this presentation.

As of 2014, all German public universities offer free college tuition which is funded by taxpayers. German citizens boast a literacy rate of 99%.

Popular German foods include sauerkraut, polish sausage, and German beer. Several German dishes include potatoes.

Fussball (known in America as soccer) is the most popular German sport.

Volkswagen, a German car company, is known to be the largest car manufacturer worldwide.

Mercedez Benz is a German luxury car manufacturer that has been in business for over 130 years. The Mercedez Benz Museum is 9 stories high and boasts over 16,500 square meters featuring over 150 vehicles. It is located in Struttgart, Germany.

The Autobahn is the federal motorway in Germany which is famous for having no speed limits for certain classes of vehicles. The autobahn is 8,046 miles in length which ranks it among the longest transportation systems in the world. Longer highways can only be found in China, the United States, and Spain.

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