Haïti Development in Haïti

  1. Overview
  2. Comparing Development Levels
  3. Domestic Factors and Economic Development
  4. International Trade and Economic


  • Haiti is a small island in the Caribbean located west of the Dominican Republic. It is located in the tropics and its land is mostly rough with mountain regions. Its natural resources include bauxite, copper, calcium carbonate, gold, marble and hydropower. It also has arable land with over 65% of the of the land is agricultural land with 38%. Haiti lies in the middle of the hurricane belt and subject to severe storms from June to October, occasional flooding and earthquakes and periodic droughts.
  • The countries population is 10,485,800. Black people make up 95%, mulatto and white make up 5%.

Development: Extreme poverty has fallen from 31 to 24% over the last decade, Most of this happens in the urban areas. In the rural mountain regions people live mostly off agriculture. Against this large amount of poverty stand that only 8% of the population receives financial aid.

Health: Cholera due to dirty water is a large problem. The amount of infections per month has gone down from 30,000 to 3,000, which is a significant improvement. Added to this the

- Total fertility rate. Definition: The number of children who would be born per woman (or per 1,000 women)

The infant mortality rate (IMR) is the number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births.

Literacy rate refers to the percentage of people who are able to read and write vs those who are not.

Mean years in school 25 years and older.

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