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The Blue Jay Beat Spook-tober 2019!

Freshman Student of the Month

By: Brianna Manfredi

For the month of October, Drew Applegate was chosen and awarded as the student of the month. Drew is a freshman, so I decided to ask him about his thoughts on high school up to this point. He prefers high school over middle school, because he believes there are better lunches and more freedom over here. His favorite thing about being a freshman as well as being in high school is the fact that there is more variety in classes. On the other hand, his least favorite thing is the crowded hallways during the school day.

He would like to think that he’s honest and thoughtful when trying to describe his student image. He is a good student because he listens to the teachers. When asked which teacher helps or supports him the most, he couldn’t pick just one since they all help him learn. The class he enjoys the most though is geometry with Mr. McKisson since math is one of his favorite subjects. Outside of school, he likes to play video games and read in his spare time. He participates in several extracurricular activities such as playing baseball and bowling.

Since he is only a freshman, Drew has a lot of time to think about what he wants to do in the future. However, it seems like he has it pretty much all planned out already. He is thinking about most likely attending a college as well as try to get a good job.

Sophomore Student of the Month

By: Brianna Manfredi

For the month of October, Kylan Planck was chosen and awarded as the student of the month. Since Kylan is a sophomore, I decided to ask him about his thoughts about school since he is no longer the “new kid in school”. His advice for the current freshman is to keep your head down and not to get involved in anything bad while here at the high school. When asked if there was anything that he has learned as a freshman that has helped him this year, he said that he has learned to work as hard as possible so you get all of your work done and you can relax.

Kylan would like to say that he has a pretty good student image and believes what makes him a good student is that he works hard at everything he does. When asked which teacher helps or supports him the most, he chose Mrs. Fannin, because she goes very in depth when it comes to teaching all of her content. His role model is his father, because he has always worked hard and always provided for his family. His favorite class would probably have to be United States History, because he has always been into the history of our country.

Outside of school, Kylan likes to play basketball or play XBOX in his spare time. He participates in several extracurricular activities such as playing basketball and baseball. Once Kylan is out of high school, he plans to go into a career involving HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning).

Vehicle of the Month

By: Shanea Faul

This month’s Vehicle of the Month recipient is Daniel Morgan. He owns a 1989 Chevy Silverado. When asked about what he likes about his truck, Daniel said he likes the color of his truck and that it’s a classic that has been in his family since 1992. He wouldn’t want to trade it for anything else since it was given to him by his parents. One thing he would like to do to his truck is add a new subwoofer into it when he gets the chance.

Daniel has had his license since February of this year. He enjoys driving for the views and experiences he gains throughout his trips, no matter where they are. He likes to play music on his phone when he gets in his truck to jam out and have fun. Daniel also said that his truck is good on gas, which means it’s better for his wallet.

Daniel’s Silverado has a V8 engine and weighs in at about 4,506 lbs.-4,942 lbs. and can hold up to 6 adult passengers. These trucks usually come with a 25 gallon gas tank. The bed length of these trucks usually range from 6 ½ ft.-8 ft. Congratulations Daniel on car of the month from the Blue Jay Beat!

20 Did you know facts

By: Spencer Gray

Did you know grapes light on fire in the microwave?

Did you know McDonald’s once created bubblegum-flavored broccoli?

Did you know chewing gum is banned in Singapore?

Did you know the average U.S. household has 300,000 things in it?

Did you know lobsters have clear blood?

Did you know the first item sold on eBay was a broken laser pointer?

Did you know the longest place name in the world is 85 letters long?

Did you know there was a prehistoric dragonfly that’s wings spanned more than two feet?

Did you know Shakespeare invented more than 1,700 words?

Did you know Santa Claus was given an official pilot’s license in 1927?

Did you know Einstein’s brain was stolen when he died?

Did you know a single watermelon once sold for $6,125?

Did you know a Brazilian man was killed in bed when a cow fell through the roof and landed on him?

Did you know there’s a Guinness World Record for stretchiest skin?

Did you know one of the largest pyramids in the world is a Bass Pro Shops in Memphis, Tennessee?

Did you know extreme ironing is an actual sport?

Did you know a lifeboat drill was canceled the morning of the Titanic tragedy?

Did you know there’s a Starbucks cup in every shot in the movie Fight Club?

Did you know it’s illegal to own just one guinea pig in Switzerland?

Did you know Lady Liberty wears a size 879 shoe?

Alexei Leonov Passess Away At Age 85

By: Jesse Story

On October eleventh, Alexei Leonov, passed away at the age of eight-five. He was the first human to conduct a spacewalk. He was also an accomplished artist and writer. He passed away from an unspecified illness in Moscow, Russia and was buried October 15th. He completed two missions during his career as a cosmonaut.

His first mission Voskhod 2 made him the first human to conduct a spacewalk. The spacewalk nearly ended in disaster after his suit expanded causing the joints to no longer function and the suit being too large to fit through the narrow airlock. To combat this he decompressed his suit to regain the joint functionality in his suit and to decrease the size of his suit to fit into the airlock. He managed to get into the airlock headfirst and was able to turn around in the airlock to close the hatch behind him. The problems persisted after entering the command pod and depressurizing the inflatable airlock. The autopilot malfunctioned to the point where it needed to be deactivated. They deorbited themselves and after running the procedure to decouple the orbital and landing module a communications wire did not separate causing the modules to spin wildly up to 10g of force. Eventually the strain became too much for the wire and it snapped moments later at 100 kilometers. After that they proceed to land 1500 kilometers from their target and were stuck in the module with wolves clawing at the door.

Alexei’s second and last mission was significantly more successful than his mission ten years prior. This mission in particular ended the Space Race. The Apollo-Soyuz test project helped ease tensions between the Americans and the Soviets. The Soyuz rocket launched at 12:20 UTC from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Russia. The mission was a success for the Russians but not so for the Americans. The Soviet’s mission ended perfectly. This ended Alexei’s career as a cosmonaut and he went on to manage cosmonaut up until his untimely death.

Top 10

By: David Rayhawk

Top 10 Songs:

Truth hurts by Lisso

Senorita by Shawn Mendes and Camila Cabello

Someone you loved by Lewis Capaldi

Ransom by Lil Tecca

No guidance by Chris Brown featuring Drake

Panini by Lil Nas x

Bad guy by Billie Eilish

Circles by Post Malone

Goodbyes by Post Malone featuring Young Thug

Old Town Road by Lil Nas X featuring Billy Ray Cyrus

Top 10 books:

2666 by Roberto Bolaño

All About Love by Bell Hooks

Desert Solitaire by Edward Abbey

Disgrace by J. M. Coetzee

Geek Love by Katherine Dunn

Gilead by Marilynne Robinson

Giovanni’s Room by James Baldwin

A Good Man is Hard to Find and other stories by Flannery O'Connor

The Handmaid’s Tale by Margaret Atwood

The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams

Top 10 Movies:

Greta

Toy Story 4

The Art of Self Defense

The Dead Don’t Die

Fast Color

Tigers Are Not Afraid

Avengers: Endgame

One Cut of the Dead

American Factory

ICON Satellite Launch

By: Jesse Story

The ICON satellite launched at 9:15pm on it’s Pegasus XL rocket from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. This craft finally launched after two years of waiting for the Pegasus rocket to be ready and being put into the launch schedule. ICON may have launched sooner had it not been for it’s orbital parameter of 27 degrees of inclination. ICON will be studying the ionosphere to look for changes in solar particles and changes in Earth’s geomagnetism. The expected mission time is two years but this could be extended. ICON’s weight is about 650 pounds fueled and it's about the same size as your average household refrigerator.

ICON’s general operations will begin in about late November.The reason it was not launched in 2017 like it was supposed to is because on the Pegasus XL rocket one of the engines was dropped and it was unclear if it was going to function properly. After that there were concerns that the payload fairing would not separate properly causing ICON to be a lost mission. After all of this the Pegasus rocket had passed inspection and was ready to fly ICON into orbit.

ICON will be studying the ionosphere and space weather to alert humans of any powerful solar storms or of any changes in Earth’s geomagnetism. ICON’s primary mission will begin late November and end after two years. It is unclear what NASA will do with the satellite after its primary mission is over. ICON will also be working with the GOLD satellite to create an image on how our ionosphere works.

On This Day

Tori Inskeep

October 1- 331 BC Alexander the Great defeated Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela

October 2- 1492 King Henry VII of England invades France

October 3- 1990 Reunification of East and West Germany. West German flag is raised above the Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight.

October 4- 1900 In a final confrontation, some 4000 Ashantis are defeated by the British in Gold Coast (Ghana)

October 5- 1813 Battle of the Thames in Canada; Americans defeat British

October 6- 1951 Joseph Stalin proclaims the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb

October 7- 1737 A cyclone causes 40 foot waves that are believed to have killed 300,000 in Calcutta, India

October 8- 1927 "The Second Hundred Years" silent short film released starring Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy - 1st Laurel and Hardy film with them appearing as a team

October 9- 2006 North Korea conducts its first nuclear test, with an estimated yield of between 0.4-2 kilotons

October 10- 1780 Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000 to 30,000 in Caribbean, hitting Barbados first. Atlantic's deadliest recorded hurricane.

October 11- 1797 Battle of Camperdown (Kamperduin): British navy defeats Dutch fleet

October 12- 539 BC The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon

October 13- 1903 Boston Americans win the inaugural Baseball World Series; beat Pittsburgh Pirates 3-0 in Game 8 at Huntington Avenue for a 5-3 series victory; winning pitcher Bill Dinneen

October 14- 1322 Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland's independence

October 15- 1581 Commissioned by Catherine De Medici, the 1st ballet "Ballet Comique de la Reine" is staged in Paris

October 16- 1813 Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon's forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia

October 17- 1963 The Beatles record "I Want to Hold Your Hand" at EMI Studios in London

October 18- 1685 French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants

October 19- 1781 British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm; US Revolutionary War ends

October 20- 1097 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade

October 21- 1944 World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall

October 22- 1962 Cuban missile crisis: US President John F. Kennedy addresses TV about Russian missile bases in Cuba and imposes a naval blockade on Cuba, beginning the missile crisis

October 23- 1942 During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt

October 24- 1929 "Black Thursday", start of stock market crash, Dow Jones down 12.8%

October 25- 1971 United Nations votes to expel the Chinese Nationalist ruled Taiwan and admit the Communist People's Republic of China

October 26- 1984 "The Terminator" directed by James Cameron, starring Arnold Schwarzenegger and Linda Hamilton is released in the US

October 27- 1982 China announces its population has reached 1 billion plus people

October 28- 1492 Christopher Columbus sights Cuba and claims it for Spain under the name "Juana”

October 29- 539 BC King Cyrus "the Great" of Persia marches into Babylon, freeing Jewish captives and allowing them to return home

October 30- 1917 British government gives final approval to Balfour Declaration

October 31- 1964 Barbra Streisand's "People" album goes #1 for 5 weeks

November 1- 1755 Lisbon earthquake kills more than 50,000 in Portugal

November 2- 1917 Balfour Declaration proclaims support for a Jewish state in Palestine

November 3- 1620 Great Patent granted to Plymouth Colony

November 4- 1879 African American inventor Thomas Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus

November 5- 1937 Adolf Hitler informs his military leaders in a secret meeting of his intentions of going to war

November 6- 1978 Shah of Iran places Iran under military rule; General Gholan Reza Azhari forms government

November 7- 1932 1st broadcast of "Buck Rogers in the 25th century" on CBS-radio

November 8- 392 Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion the state religion

November 9- 1799 Napoleon Bonaparte pulls off a coup and becomes the dictator of France under the title of First Consul

November 10- 1885 German engineer Gottlieb Daimler unveils the world's first motorcycle

November 11- 1975 Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam removed from office by Governor General Sir John Kerr - 1st elected PM removed in 200 yrs

November 12- 1970 Cyclone Bhola makes landfall in East Pakistan (Bangladesh) killing up to 500,000, making it the deadliest tropical cyclone ever recorded

November 13- 2002 Eminem releases single 'Lose Yourself' from the soundtrack of "8 Mile", 1st rap song to win an Academy Award Best Original Song

November 14- 1680 Gottfried Kirch discovers the Great Comet of 1680 (Kirch's Comet/Newton's Comet)

November 15- 1884 European Colonization and trade in Africa is officially regulated at the international Berlin Conference, formalizing European powers "Scramble for Africa"

November 16- 1776 British troops capture Fort Washington during American Revolution

November 17- 1855 David Livingstone becomes the first European to see Victoria Falls, in what is now Zambia and Zimbabwe

November 18- 1978 In Jonestown, Guyana 918 members of the Peoples Temple are murdered or commit suicide under the leadership of cult leader Jim Jones

November 19- 1969 Apollo 12's Charles Conrad & Alan Bean become 3rd & 4th humans on the Moon

November 20- 1902 Geo Lefevre and Henri Desgrange create Tour de France bicycle race

November 21- 164 BC During Maccabbean revolt Judas Maccabaeus recaptured Jerusalem and rededicates the Second Temple, commemorated since as Jewish festival Hanukkah

November 22- 1963 American President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas

November 23- 1644 Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published.

November 24- 1642 Dutch explorer Abel Tasman discovers Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania)

November 25- 1867 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel patents dynamite

November 26- 1865 "Alice in Wonderland" by Lewis Carroll is published in America

November 27- 1895 Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel's will establishes the Nobel Prize

November 28- 1975 "As the World Turns" and "The Edge of Night", the final two American soap operas that had resisted going to pre-taped broadcasts, air their last live episodes

November 29- 526 A possible date for the Antioch earthquake in present-day Syria (then the Byzantine Empire) which killed 200,000 people

November 30- 1982 "Thriller", 6th studio album by Michael Jackson is released (Grammy Award Album of the Year 1984, best-selling album of all time, Billboard Album of the Year 1983)

Musical Update

By: Brianna Manfredi

RULH High School is putting on The Addams Family for the 2019-2020 school year musical. It was originally October 25th and 26th. However, the musical was changed to spring 2020. This was due to Mr. Brown wanting to focus more on the Hamilton Education Program in which the music department is taking part in January, 2020 in Nashville, Tennessee.

Those taking part in the musical have been working really hard so far in preparation for the musical. So far, they have been working on it during class as well as after school. After school, they have worked on the choreography for the songs When You’re An Addams, One Normal Night, and Full Disclosure.

The cast list is as follows:

Wednesday Addams - Leanna Cluxton

Gomez Addams - Jaxson Plum

Morticia Addams - Kaitlyn Blum

Pugsley Addams (little sister) - Breanna Blum

Uncle Fester - Ally Ross

Lurch - Corgan O’Toole

Grandma - Savannah Cluxton

Mal Beineke - Blainton Rau

Alice Beineke - Brittany Royster

Lucas Beineke - Tyler Sizemore

The musical is severely different from the original television show that it was based off of. In this story, Wednesday Addams is in high school and is engaged to Lucas Beineke. The musical mainly revolves around Wednesday trying to figure out how to tell her mother Morticia the news. They have a dinner between the two families. This being the Addams Family, chaos doesn’t take long to ensue.

Ripley High School Soccer

By: Kailee Fisher

The Ripley Girl’s Soccer Team has had a great season. Their record for the season was 9-4. This record has greatly improved since the last couple of years, where the girls have struggled to get a win. They have been able to improve through hard work and dedication. The girls practice everyday after school for an hour and a half. At practice, the girls do multiple drills that will teach them new skills on the soccer field. They are coached by Kevin Poe, who has been coaching the girls for the last 3 years. Poe has taught the girls many skills, however he always makes sure they have fun while playing. The team works hard on the field and always plays with heart. They will play their tournament game at Finneytown on October 14th. If the girls win, it will be their first win in tournaments in years!

The Ripley Boy’s Soccer team has had a struggling season. They have lost many players due to injuries and red cards. While most teams play with 11 players on the field, the Ripley Boy’s team has been playing with 8 players. Having players out is a huge disadvantage for the boys. This is because they have no subs, which means no time for rest. Although the boys have struggled, they are still fun to watch on the soccer field. The boys play hard and do everything in their ability to win. The boys practice every day after school for close to 2 hours. They do multiple drills that will help build their stamina. They are coached by Gabe Scott. Scott has been a previous coach at Ripley, however this is his first year back in years. He pushes the boys to do their best and is a great motivator. The boys will play their tournament game at Georgetown on October 15th.

Saturn’s New Moons

By: Jesse Story

On October 7 an announcement came out that changed something in solar system. For years Jupiter was thought to have the most moons but that changed with the content in the announcement. Twenty new moons had been discovered orbiting Saturn. That dethroned Jupiter in an instant. No longer does Jupiter have the most moons now that title goes to Saturn. There is a contest to name these new moons that is running now through December 6, 2019 at https://carnegiescience.edu/NameSaturnsMoons.

These moons are nothing impressive. They are about three miles across and the majority of them orbit retrograde. What makes this discovery interesting is that it was a long held belief that Jupiter had the most moons at 79 and Saturn held second place at 62. Now Saturn is up to 82 just 3 ahead of Jupiter. Nothing major will happen just any new textbooks about the solar system published will have to include the names and orbits of the new moons.

The moons are like the new ones discovered around Jupiter. They are most likely fragments of a larger moon that had some sort of catastrophic crash into another moon. The moons are very high above Saturn’s cloud tops. One of the new unnamed moons is the furthest out a moon has been discovered orbiting the gas giant. Their orbits suggest that this was once a large moon broken apart by another moon. Some astronomers suggest that there may be as many as 100 moons around Saturn too small to be seen with Earth based optical telescopes.

Staff of the Month

By: Tori Inskeep

The RULH High School has chosen Mrs. Tammy Whaley for the Staff of the Month. Mrs. Whaley has been teaching thirteen years and has been in the RULH school district for eight years. She chose to be a teacher because she wanted to make a difference in her students' lives, to show her students that education is important, to install a love for learning, and be a positive caring adult in their lives.

One of her favorite things about her job is her students finally understanding what she is talking about and the bonds she makes with her students and colleagues over the years. One of her least favorite things about her job is when her students don’t want to complete an assignment. That is one of her least favorites because her students only hurt themselves when that happens.

When Mrs. Whaley has free time she likes to spend time with her family, in her flower beds in the warmer months, and taking pictures. She likes taking pictures because she loves to capture the beauty of nature and people. She likes working in her flower beds because that is her “me time” and she can relax. Mrs. Whaley’s advice to students is for them to do their best, learn that failure is not to be feared, use teamwork, listen, choose kindness all the time, and be respectful. Congratulations Mrs. Whaley, you are a great teacher and you definitely deserve Staff of the Month.

Strange Holidays and November School Events

By: Jesse Story

Strange Holidays for November

November 1st Dios Los Muertos

November 2nd Deviled Egg Day

November 3rd Sandwich Day

November 4th Check Your Blood Pressure Day

November 5th Gunpowder Day

November 6th Marooned Without a Compass Day

November 7th Bittersweet Chocolate Day with Almonds Day

November 8th Dunce Day

November 9th Chaos Never Dies Day

November 10th Forget-Me-Not Day

November 11th Origami Day

November 12th French Dip Day

November 13th GIS Day

November 14th Spicy Guacamole Day

November 15th Clean Out Your Refrigerator Day.

November 16th Historic Teddy Bear Day

November 17th Unfriend Day

November 18th Apple Cider Day

November 19th Have A Bad Day Day

November 20th Name Your PC Day

November 21st Less Useless Stuff Day

November 22nd Random Acts of Kindness Day

November 23rd Espresso Day

November 24th Celebrate Your Unique Talent Day

November 25th Blase Day

November 26th None

November 27th Jukebox Day

November 28th Thanksgiving

November 29th Square Dancing Day

November 30th Personal Space Day

RULH Events Calendar for November

1st 12:40pm 1st grade TBT

2nd Nothing

3rd Nothing

4th Nothing

5th Nothing

6th Nothing

7th High School Picture Retake

8th High School Gym Closed for Preparations for JROTC Ball.

9th JROTC Ball 5pm to 9pm

10th Nothing

11th Nothing

12th ASVAB for All Juniors and Some Seniors

13th Nothing

14th High School Kona Ice

15th Interim Reports Issued, 12:40 pm 1st grade TBT

16th Nothing

17th Nothing

18th Nothing

19th Middle School Parent Teacher Conference from 4pm to 7:30pm

20th High School Parent Teacher Conference 4pm-7pm RULH Board meeting 7pm-9pm

21st Elementary School Parent Teacher Conferences 4pm-7pm 5:30pm 8th grade boys basketball vs Saint Patricks.

22nd 12:40 1st grade TBT

23rd Nothing

24th Nothing

25th Nothing

26th 3pm-4pm TBT

27th Thanksgiving Break Begins

28th Nothing

29th 1st Grade TBT 12:40pm

30th 10am Middle School Girls BB at Eastern 12pm Middle School Boys BB at Eastern

Pumpkin Pie

By: Tori Inskeep

Directions:

Make the crust: Place flour and butter into the freezer for 30 minutes before starting crust process.

In a large food processor, pulse the flour, sugar, and salt until combined. Add butter and pulse until pea-sized and some slightly larger pieces form. With the machine running, add vinegar, then ice water into feed tube, 1 tablespoon at a time, until dough starts to come together and is moist but not wet and sticky (test by squeezing some with your fingers).

Mixture will be crumbly.

Turn dough onto a lightly floured surface, form into a ball, and flatten into a disk (making sure there are no/minimal cracks).

Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate until dough is very cold, at least 2 hours or up to overnight.

Make the filling: Preheat oven to 425º and lightly grease a 9”-x-1.5” pie dish with cooking spray.

On a lightly floured surface, roll out dough into a 12” circle. Drape over pie dish and gently press to fit (don’t stretch). Prick bottom with a fork, trim edge to 1”, tuck overhang under itself, and crimp. Refrigerate 30 minutes or freeze 10 minutes.

Line crust with parchment and fill with dried beans or pie weights. Bake 10 minutes, then remove parchment and weights. Reduce heat to 350º.

Meanwhile, in a large bowl, whisk together pumpkin, cream, brown sugar, beaten eggs, flour, pumpkin pie spice, salt, and vanilla until smooth.

Pour pumpkin mixture into par-baked crust. Bake until filling is slightly jiggly in the middle and crust is golden, 55 to 60 minutes. Cool in the turned off oven with door propped open for 1 hour, then cool completely on a wire rack before slicing and serving.

Ingredients:

FOR THE CRUST:

1 1/2 c. all-purpose flour

1/2 c. butter, cut into 1/2" pieces

1 tbsp. granulated sugar

1/4 tsp. kosher salt

1/2 tbsp. apple cider vinegar

4 tbsp. ice water (or more, if needed)

FOR THE FILLING:

1 (15-oz.) can pumpkin puree

1 1/4 c. heavy cream

3/4 c. packed brown sugar

3 large eggs, beaten

1 tbsp. all-purpose flour

2 tsp. pumpkin pie spice

1/4 tsp. kosher salt

1 tsp. pure vanilla extract

Apple Pie

By: Tori Inskeep

Directions:

MAKE CRUST:

Make crust: Place flour and butter into the freezer for 30 minutes before starting crust process.

In a large food processor, pulse the flour, sugar, and salt until combined. Add butter and pulse until pea-sized and some slightly larger pieces form. With the machine running, add vinegar, then ice water into feed tube, 1 tablespoon at a time, until dough starts to come together and is moist but not wet and sticky (test by squeezing some with your fingers). Mixture will be crumbly.

Turn dough onto a lightly floured surface, form into 2 equal sized balls, and flatten into disks (making sure there are no/minimal cracks).

Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate until dough is very cold, at least 2 hours or up to overnight.

On a lightly floured surface, roll out one disc of dough into a 12” circle. Drape over pie dish and gently press to fit (don’t stretch). Refrigerate 30 minutes or freeze 10 minutes.

MAKE FILLING:

In a large bowl, toss apple slices with lemon juice, sugar, flour, cinnamon, vanilla, and salt until well combined. Transfer apple mixture into crust-lined pie dish. Dot all over with butter.

ASSEMBLE + BAKE PIE:

Preheat oven to 425º with a large baking sheet on the middle rack and lightly grease a 9”-x-1.5” pie dish with cooking spray.

Roll out second disc of dough into a 12” circle and drape over apple filling, trim edges to 1”, tuck overhang up and over itself, and crimp edges.

Brush with egg wash and make six 2” slots in the center. Sprinkle with coarse sugar.

Place pie onto preheated baking sheet and bake 20 minutes, then reduce heat to 375º and bake until golden and bubbly, 40 minutes more. (If edges begin to look dark, cover with foil.)

Let cool on a wire rack at least 2 hours before serving.

Ingredients:

FOR THE CRUST:

3 c. all-purpose flour

1 c. butter, cut into 1/2" pieces

2 tbsp. granulated sugar

1/2 tsp. kosher salt

1 tbsp. apple cider vinegar

8 tbsp. ice water (or more, if needed)

FOR THE FILLING:

3 1/2 lb. assorted apples (Granny Smith, Honeycrisp, Gala) cored, peeled, and thinly sliced

2 tbsp. freshly squeezed lemon juice

2/3 c. granulated sugar

2 tbsp. all-purpose flour, plus more for rolling

1 tsp. ground cinnamon

1/2 tsp. pure vanilla extract

1/4 tsp. kosher salt

2 tbsp. butter, cut into small pieces

1 egg beaten with 1 tbsp. water (egg wash)

Pecan Pie

By: Tori Inskeep

Directions:

MAKE THE CRUST:

Place flour and butter into the freezer for 30 minutes before starting crust process.

In a large food processor, pulse the flour, sugar, and salt until combined. Add butter and pulse until pea-sized and some slightly larger pieces form. With the machine running, add vinegar, then ice water into feed tube, 1 tablespoon at a time, until dough starts to come together and is moist but not wet and sticky (test by squeezing some with your fingers). Mixture will be crumbly.

Turn dough onto a lightly floured surface, form into a ball, and flatten into a disk (making sure there are no/minimal cracks).

Cover with plastic wrap and refrigerate until dough is very cold, at least 2 hours or up to overnight.

Make the filling: Preheat oven to 425º and lightly grease a 9"-x-1.5" pie dish with cooking spray.

Meanwhile, on a lightly floured surface, roll out dough into a 12” circle. Drape over pie dish and gently press to fit, making sure there are no air bubbles. Trim edge to 1” and tuck overhang under itself. With a fork, lightly prick bottom of crust and decoratively score edges. Refrigerate 30 minutes or freeze 10 minutes.

Line crust with parchment paper and fill with dried beans or pie weights. Bake 10 minutes, then remove parchment and weights. Reduce heat to 350º.

Meanwhile, in a small saucepan over low heat, melt butter. Whisk in brown sugar until smooth and remove from heat. Whisk in corn syrup, vanilla, salt, and beaten eggs.

Scatter pecan halves into pie crust and pour over sugar mixture. Mix gently with a spoon to coat nuts and evenly dispersed.

Lightly place foil over top of pie and bake 30 minutes, then remove foil and bake until filling is puffed, only slightly wobbly, and crust is golden, 35 minutes more.

Cool completely on a wire rack before slicing and serving.

Ingredients:

FOR THE CRUST:

1 1/2 c. all-purpose flour

1/2 c. unsalted butter, cut into 1/2" pieces

1 tbsp. granulated sugar

1/4 tsp. kosher salt

1/2 tbsp. apple cider vinegar

4 tbsp. ice water (or more, if needed)

FOR THE FILLING:

Cooking spray, for pie dish

6 tbsp. unsalted butter

3/4 c. packed light brown sugar

1 c. corn syrup

1 tbsp. pure vanilla extract

1/2 tsp. kosher salt

3 large eggs, beaten

2 c. Pecan halves

The History of Thanksgiving

By: Brianna Manfredi

Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday in the United States. This year, 2019, it will be held on Thursday, November 28. The holiday began in 1621 when the colonists and Wampanoag Indians shared an autumn harvest feast in Plymouth, Massachusetts. This feast is now well known as the “the first Thanksgiving celebration”. Days of Thanksgiving have been celebrated by individual colonies and states for more than two centuries. There wasn’t a national Thanksgiving Day until President Abraham Lincoln, in the midst of the Civil War, proclaimed a national Thanksgiving Day to be held each November.

Most American schoolchildren grow up with the story of the pilgrims and Indians coming together for an autumn harvest feast. However, the peace didn’t last since the English and Wampanoag were one-time allies. A generation after the famous feast, the two became involved in a tragic war.

The years following the establishment of Plymouth, Massasoit, the sachem of the Wampanoag, has been proved to be a crucial ally to the English settlers. He set up a pact with them and allied with them against the French and other local tribes. However, the alliance between the two started to become strained over time. Thousands of English colonists began to settle there during the 17th century. Authorities in Plymouth began asserting control over most aspects of Wampanoag life as settlers increasingly started taking more land. Since the colonists have settled there, disease has been estimated to reduce the Native American population as much as 90% from 1616 to 1619, causing the natives to die from what colonists called “Indian fever”.

By the time Massasoit’s son Metacomet, known as “King Philip” to the English, inherited leadership, relations between the natives and colonists have become seriously strained. King Philip’s War started when several of Metacomet’s men were executed for the murder of Punkapoag interpreter and Christian convert John Sessamon. Wampanoag warriors responded by setting up raids and the New England Confederation of Colonies declared war in 1675. The battle was bloody and devastating. Springfield, Massachusetts was burned to the ground and the Wampanoag abducted colonies for ransom. English forces attacked the Narragansetts for harboring fleeing Wampanoag, causing six hundred to be killed and their winter stores to be destroyed.

Meanwhile, Metacomet was dealt with a staggering blow when he was rebuffed and attacked by Mohawks when he crossed over into New York to recruit allies. Upon his return to Mount Hope, he was shot and killed in a final battle. He was then beheaded and dismembered, his remaining allies killed or sold into slavery in the West Indies. The colonists placed his head on a pole and displayed it in Plymouth for 25 years.

Today, Thanksgiving is a day for parades, lots of food, and travel. Modern day Thanksgiving may be a celebration of people coming together, but that’s not the whole story when it comes to the history of the day.

Upcoming Birthdays

By: Shanea Faul

1. Jaxson Plum (10/1/19)

2. Corgan O’Toole (10/3/19)

3. Alexandra Ross (10/5/19)

4. Nathan Williams (10/7/19)

5. Penny Spires (10/8/19)

6. Joseph Castle (10/8/19)

7. Isaiah Dawson (10/9/19)

8. Mason Williams (10/9/19)

9. Jacob Castle (10/10/19)

10. Mary Rister (10/11/19)

11. Kayla Seiter (10/11/19)

12. Hana Schwierling (10/12/19)

13. Samuel Wilson (10/12/19)

14. Brennan Garrett (10/13/19)

15. Noah Watson (10/13/19)

16. Raygene Taylor (10/17/19)

17. Liberty Fowler (10/19/19)

18. Tristan Fisher (10/20/19)

19. Nickolas Horn (10/20/19)

20. Bryce Rigdon (10/20/19)

21. Kadyn Scott (10/23/19)

22. Kolby Alexander (10/25/19)

23. Andrew Drees (10/27/19)

24. Jaylen Tolle (10/28/19)

25. Raelyn Curtis (10/29/19)

26. Destiny Barbee (10/30/19)

27. Jena Schwierling (11/1/19)

28. Kylee Johnson (11/2/19)

29. Ean Phillips (11/2/19)

30. Chloe Hensley (11/3/19)

31. Brittany Royster (11/5/19)

32. Kathryn Dugan (11/6/19)

33. Damian Corns (11/9/19)

34. Sierra Berry (11/9/19)

35. Guess Cracraft (11/9/19)

36. Abigail Harrison (11/9/19)

37. Blake Lawrence (11/10/19)

38. Katelynn Neely (11/11/19)

39. Treyton Starrett (11/12/19)

40. Craig Hall (11/12/19)

41. William Blank (11/12/19)

42. Matthew Akers (11/14/19)

43. Logan Felts (11/14/19)

44. Carl Lyons (11/14/19)

45. Tray Wile (11/16/19)

46. Caleb Westheider (11/16/19)

47. Dylan Royster (11/18/19)

48. Gregory Fyffe (11/19/19)

49. Nigel Royal (11/23/19)

50. Kadence Madison (11/23/19)

51. Brooklyn Wallace (11/23/19)]

52. Jessica Swart (11/24/19)

53. Elliot Fryman (11/28/19)`

Why Choose the Military as a Career

By: Tori Inskeep

Choosing the Military as a career is a wonderful idea because of the many different opportunities that come with the Military. The Military can teach you so many things like how to be a leader and how to follow the rules. Going into the Military can change people’s lives just by being apart of something bigger than anything they have been a part of before. Choosing the Military can also be a good way for you to serve your country and protect your liberty and freedom.

Another reason to choose the Military is because you can go and see the world and visit new places that you might not have gotten to see if you weren’t in the Military. You can also get college benefits from being in the Military, so if you spend 36 months in the Military you can get a full tuition to college and it can be transferred to a spouse or child if you do not want it.

One final reason to choose the Military is that you get full medical coverage for you and your family, so if you stay in the Military until retirement, you and your family can take these benefits and if you leave the Military before retirement you can apply for temporary military healthcare benefits. Those benefits are not the only benefits you can get, you can also get life insurance, tax benefits, housing benefits, and a few others. These benefits extend to spouse, children, and sometimes dependent parents. Overall the Military is a great career to have and it also has so many benefits to your life after the Military.

Credits:

Created with images by Colton Sturgeon - "Blue Mist" • Carlos Macías - "mcdonalds" • Nicolagypsicola - "Vintage London astronaut suit" • HENCE THE BOOM - "Text of Time #10" • NASA - "untitled image" • Luis Diego Hernández - "This was the first time I visited Berlin. I didn’t really know much about the wall; I had only heard about it but I didn’t know why it was put there and why it was such a great event in history when it fell. I felt touched by the graffiti and all this “life” on one side and the blank, gray, and “lonely” wall on the other." • Jordhan Madec - "Walkin in New York’s Soho neighborhood on a rainy day…" • Henrique Macedo - "untitled image" • Ian Parker - "Total solar eclipse sequence" • Patrick Kalkman - "untitled image" • Preslie Hirsch - "untitled image" • Danil Aksenov - "untitled image" • Brett Jordan - "A regular Christmas gift, lovingly created by my good friend Emma. Tastes as good as it looks." • SJ Baren - "untitled image" • Skyla Design - "untitled image" • jan abellan - "A Swiss Army recruit during a public presentation in Valais Switzerland."