Great Britain, sometimes known as the United Kingdom when referred to as a whole (including all of Ireland) is comprised of four different countries. The four different countries are England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. The United Kingdom contains most of the area and population of the British Isles. Apart from the land border between the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, Great Britain is completely surrounded by water.
The United Kingdom has the fifth-largest national economy in the world. In 2015, the UK was the ninth largest exporter and the sixth largest importer in the world. In the 18th century, the UK was the first to begin industrializing and by the 19th century, it had a fairly important role in the global economy.
Great Britain's main partners in trade are the US, France, and Germany. The United States received the most British exports last year followed by Germany and France. The UK exported £31.7bn worth of products to the US. According to the latest figures from 2011, the UK's biggest export was machinery and mechanical appliances.
James Cook was one of the many military leaders in Britain. James Cook was born on October 27th, 1728 in Yorkshire, England. James Cook was a naval captain and explorer who discovered and charted New Zealand in 1770. Throughout all of his voyages, James was fighting scurvy, which was a deadly diseased caused by vitamin deficiency. Cook joined the British Navy at the age of 29 and was eventually promoted to ship's master. During the Seven Years War, he commanded a captured ship for the Royal Navy.
Richard I was born on September 8, 1157, in Oxford, England. He served as king of England from 1189 to 1199. By the time he was 16, he was commanding his own army in a revolt against his father, and became a central Christian commander during the Third Crusade. He was seen as a hero by his subjects and remains an iconic figure in England to this day.
Ethnicity & Religion
There are people from many different ethnic groups that all reside in Great Britain. Migration from Northern Europe has been happening for thousands of years, with other groups such as British Jews as well. Since World War II, immigration from the New Commonwealth, Europe, and the rest of the world has altered the demography of many cities in the United Kingdom.
The population of Great Britain has been mainly converted to Christianity for over 1,400 years. According to the 2011 UK census, Christianity is the major religion, followed by Islam, Hinduism, Sikhism, Judaism, and Buddhism. Among the Christian population, Anglicans are the most common denomination, followed by Roman Catholics.