Rugby by: sydney jones


  • Named after Rugby School, where it was first played.
  • Invented in 1823 by William Webb Ellis, when he caught the ball while playing a game of football at school and ran to the goal with it.
  • In 1871, the Rugby Football Union, or RFU, was formed.
  • In 1871, the first international rugby match was played between Scotland and England.
  • In 1892, the Northern Rugby Football Union, or NU, was formed.
  • In 1898, professionalism was allowed in rugby.

How to Play

In Rugby, there are 2 teams, with 15 players on each teams. The players can carry, pass, or kick the ball to the end zone to score points. They compete for 2 40 minute halves, with a 5 minute halftime. The team who score the greatest amount of points WINS!

Workouts for getting into Rugby Shape

  • Box jumps
  • Dumbbell split squats
  • Chin ups
  • Prone leg curls
  • Semi supinated dumbbell bench presses

Famous Athletes

Top row: (from left to right) Jonah Lomu, Dan Carter, and Richie McCaw. Bottom row: (from left to right) Brian O'Driscoll, David Campese, and Jonny Wilkinson.

Equipment used in Rugby

  • Rugby shirt (jersey)
  • Cleats (aka "boots")
  • Rugby shorts

Optional Equipment

  • mouthguard
  • scrum cap
  • thin shoulder pads
  • shin guards

Basic Rules

  1. The ball must never be passed/ knocked forwards from a player's hands
  2. Yellow cards = final warning
  3. Penalties are generally awarded fouls
  4. Staying onside is CRUCIAL.

Fun Facts

  • The Rugby Union World Cup is held every 4 years and awards the "Webb Ellis Cup" to the winning team
  • In 1995, the highest number of points scored during the Rugby World Cup was 162.

Work Cited

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