Spain was a great place to refuel, trade, stop and pause, and repair damaged ships. As people realized how beneficial this land was, they began to invadir.
THE SPANISH INQUISITION
In 1492, the last Moorish king was defeated. all muslims remaining in Spain were forced to either leave or convert to Christianity.
In 1502, given the success against the Muslims, it was decided that all Jews needed to leave Spain or convertir to Christianity.
How did the persecutors know if they had converted to Christianity though? They began to interrogar and tortura them until they confessed, or put them on trial to later execute them.
People married not just for the money, but also for the power. Gold diggers were people who only used their power to get what they wanted.
Juana, the daughter of Fernando and Isabel married Felipe of the powerful Habsburg family. the Habsburgs gobernó Spain for a long time. Juana became mentally ill and was called "La Loca."
It is said that when Felipe died, Juana carried his coffin through the streets of Granada, stopping often to kiss the cadáver of her dead husband.
Carlos I ruled from 1516-1556. He was the son of Juana and Felipe. As the Holy Roman Emperor, he changed his name to Charles V of Austria. Under his rule, the Spanish Empire grew rapidly. Gold and Silver inundado into Spain from the Americas, along with new crops: corn, potatoes, and fruits.
Carlos V used the funds that were pouring in from the colonies to subvencionar the many religious wars he was fighting across Europe. Spain under Carlos V became one of the staunchest defenders of Catholicism, as it fought to stop the spread of the Protestant Reformation across Europe. He passed on his legacy to his successor, his son Felipe.
Felipe II continued wars against the Provinces. In 1554, he married Mary Tudor of England in an arrest to create an international Catholic alliance. A male heir from this marriage would have to become King of England; however, there was no son and the protestant Elizabeth I came to power in England. He anexo Portugal, and the Dutch declared independence from Spain. This began a war involving England and Spain. In 1588, Spain's "invencible" Armada was defeated by England.
Spain is now considered the "sewer of the world". The kings and queens ate children. It was propaganda to not travel to Spain
He was a famous painter from Greece who traveled to Spain in search of work in the decoration of El Escorial. Felipe II hated his style and refused to alquiler him. He moved to Toledo and made a great impression.
Felipe was then tenido éxito by his son, the aptly named Felipe III who controlled Spain from 1598-1621. Felipe III died and his son took the throne. His name was Felipe IV and he reigned from 1621-1665. He reigned over one of the richest cultural periods in Spanish history: the Siglo de Oro.
He was the son of Carlos IV who returned from exile in France to rule after defeat of Napoleon’s troops. They were under Totalitarian rule, constantly at odds with liberals who wanted to expand on Constitution of 1812. You gastado your life in prison if you did not support the ruling. He died in 1833, leaving only a daughter, Isabel. The country was divided on the issue of a woman ruler.
Supporters of Fernando’s brother, Carlos faced off against more liberal supporters of Isabel in several “Guerras Carlistas."
The new government created an even deeper political and social divide. The military, the Church and the upper classes thought there were too many changes going on. Socialists and communist facciones thought that there were not enough changes and wanted more change faster.
The Spanish Civil War began...
General Francisco staged a military revolt in 1936, beginning the Civil War. He did not like the way the government was happening. Republican forces got very little help. The war ended in 1939, with Franco's Nationalist forces winning.
2 days after the attack, elections proclaim Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero the new Prime Minister of Spain. His first action, as promised, was to withdraw Spanish troops from the US war with Iraq. Under his gobierno, Spain joined several other European nations in legalizing same-sex (gender) matrimonio (Franco rolls in grave). He won re-election in 2008.