Roll of Thunder Portfolio Emilee EhrsaM - peRiod 6

Jim Crow laws

Restaurants

It shall be unlawful to conduct a restaurant or other place for the serving of food in the city, at which white and colored people are served in the same room, unless such white and colored persons are effectually separated by a solid partition extending from the floor upward to a distance of seven feet or higher, and unless a separate entrance from the street is provided for each compartment.

Trains

The conductor of each passenger train is authorized and required to assign each passenger to the car or the division of the car, when it is divided by a partition, designated for the race to which such passenger belongs.

THE GREAT DEPRESSION

The Great Depression was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western world. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors. Work was very difficult to find, and many people traveled across the country looking for work. In addition to this, a severe drought was occurring, which made it difficult to farm, and caused enormous dust storms in the middle of the country, an event that was known as the Dust Bowl. Life was harsher for blacks, whose entanglement in the sharecropping system dated back to the end of the Reconstruction era. While some still owned their own farms in the 1920s, many were forced off their land entirely by declining prices and into jobs in towns and cities. Others took the now-familiar path of migrating to urban areas in the state or industrial centers in the North, often joining relatives who had migrated during the mid-1910s. By 1935 just 12 percent of blacks owned the land they worked.

Abolishment Of Slavery

The 13th amendment, which formally abolished slavery in the United States, passed the Senate on April 8, 1864, and the House on January 31, 1865. On February 1, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln approved the Joint Resolution of Congress submitting the proposed amendment to the state legislatures. The necessary number of states ratified it by December 6, 1865. The 13th amendment to the United States Constitution provides that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." In 1863 President Lincoln had issued the Emancipation Proclamation declaring “all persons held as slaves within any State, or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free.” Nonetheless, the Emancipation Proclamation did not end slavery in the nation. Lincoln recognized that the Emancipation Proclamation would have to be followed by a constitutional amendment in order to guarantee the abolishment of slavery. In Roll Of Thunder Hear My Cry the author states “I am blessed to come from a family of storytellers, people who repeatedly told the history of our family from the days of slavery into my own childhood years. I am also blessed that my family had photographs of so many of the people who were important to that history. Another blessing was that several generations of my family grew up in the same house, the house my great-grandparents built on their own land in Mississippi at the turn of the twentieth century. My father and his brothers and sisters grew up in that house and although as adults they all moved to the North, each year they took their children back to that house, back to the family, back to the land.” (Taylor 11)

Thirteenth Amendment

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America"

Lynching

Lynching is killing (someone), especially by hanging, for an alleged offense with or without a legal trial. From "Roll Of Thunder, Hear My Cry", it says “Heard tell they lynched a boy a few days ago at Crosston." This shows that they had lynching in the story. "Roll Of Thunder, Hear My Cry" developes many different things about lynching, there are many different ways lynching affects people in the book.

(https://youtu.be/h4ZyuULy9zs)

Credits:

Created with images by kimberlykv - "Cotton Harvest" • Farmers Restaurant Group - "Founding Farmers interior" • Mark Spearman - "Double Track Railroad Bridge" • Don Hankins - "Migrant Mother With Color" • mrbill78636 - "A MOTHER ..." • FDR Presidential Library & Museum - "Great Depression Exhibit" • buckle1535 - "Great Depression" • Thomas Shahan 3 - "White Collar, c. 1940 - Linocuts by Giacomo G. Patri"

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