Ancient African Kingdoms Jack Dorolek


Map of Ghana
  • hot and dry climate, tropical along coast
  • borders Gulf of Guinea
  • contains Lake Volta, which is the largest lake on the planet
  • highest point, Mount Afadjato, rises 2,887 feet
  • north region is covered by low, bush savannas and scattered, grassy plains
  • in 1960 Muslim was the main religion, but now Christianity takes up 74% while Islam takes up 18%
  • around 6.3 slaves were shipped from Western Africa to North and South Africa to benefit other societies
  • about 5,000 slaves a year were shipped from the Gold Coast
  • controlled all of West Africa's trade routes by 800 AD with the help of a strong army
  • became wealthy by taxing traders while trading gold, salt, sheep, cattle, honey, leather, and cloth
  • used silent bartering to keep gold mine locations a secret
  • trade allowed Ghana to expand and spread beliefs
  • started after 300 AD by the Soninkes
  • reached peak under Tunka Manin
  • fell in the 1200's due to invasion, overgrazing, and rebellions
  • over 100 ethnic groups
  • main language today is English
  • well-known for hand-carved tools, fertility dolls, and kente cloth
  • family is important and shows identity, loyalty, and responsibility
  • currently a republic, led by John Dramani Mahama
  • multiparty political system with a new, U.S. based constitution
Flag of Ghana

Works Cited

  • History Textbook


Map of Mali
  • savanna grassland that rolls over high plateaus
  • around 65% is covered by desert (hot and dry)
  • highest point, Hombori Tondo, rises 3,789 feet
  • Niger River
  • 98% Muslim
  • controlled trade all across the Sahara
  • slave trade helped the food surplus
  • agriculture advancements allowed them to grow and trade beans, onions, rice, and cotton, along with gold and salt
  • rose to power under Sundiata
  • gained wealth, power, and fame under their most famous ruler, Mansa Musa
  • in 1324 Mansa Musa left Mali on a pilgrimage to Mecca
  • by the 1500's the empire crashed due to poor leadership
  • population composed of many ethnic groups
  • French is the official language
  • music plays a key role
  • democracy today led by Ibrahim Boubacar Keita
  • many terrorists acts and droughts today
Flag of Mali

Works Cited

  • History Textbook


Map of Songhai
  • landforms- rainforest, Niger River, Sahara Desert, and the grasses of the savanna
  • hot and wet from May to October
  • cold and dry from November to February
  • main religion is Islam
  • trusted slaves to not overthrow there rulers and to proved unbiased advice
  • traded with people all across Sahara to Morocco and the Middle East
  • exchanged gold, salt, copper, iron, kola nuts, and cloth
  • trade was vital for economic growth and political stability of Songhai
  • rebelled in the 1400's to get freedom
  • expansion led by Sunni Ali who became ruler in 1464
  • Muhammad Ture led rebellion against Sunni Baru and later gained the title, Askia the Great
  • Moroccan army set out in 1591 and destroyed the empire
  • blend of traditional West African beliefs
  • daily life based on teachings of Islam
  • language was Songhay
  • lived in large families
  • millet was the main part of their diet
  • men generally wear trousers and loose-fitting shirts
  • parents see formal schooling as a loss
  • system set up in provinces
  • dynastic
  • organized by a caste system
Flag of Songhai

Works Cited

  • History Textbook


Map of Zimbabwe
  • tropical climate
  • Manfungabusa plateau covers most of Zimbabwe
  • average elevation is 4,500 feet
  • monotheistic religion with a god named Mwari
  • no slave trade in Zimbabwe
  • economy based on cattle husbandry, crop cultivation, and the trade of gold
  • Zimbabwe means "stone houses"
  • abandoned in the 15th century
  • wealthy lived in large, stone homes while the poor lived in mud huts
  • Robert Mugabe is currently president
  • population of around 14 million
Flag of Zimbabwe

Works Cited

Created By
Jack Dorolek


Created with images by lapping - "ghana west africa africa"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.