Frank Lloyd Wright 1867-1959

Frank Lloyd Wright was born June 8, 1867 in Richland Center, Wisconsin to Anna Lloyd Jones and William Carey Wright (About Frank Lloyd Wright).
Wright and his family traveled constantly until they finally settled in Wisconsin. Here is where Frank "Fell deeply in love with the Wisconsin Landscape." This ultimately became his inspiration for many of his buildings (Biography.com Editors) .
In 1885, during Wright's senior year of high school, his parents divorced and his father disappeared (About Frank Lloyd Wright). Wright attended the University of Wisconsin to study civil engineering. There he also worked in the engineering department with Joseph Silsbee. This persuaded Wright to study architecture and in 1887 he dropped out to work for Silsbee in Chicago (Biography.com Editors).
In 1888 Wright began his apprenticeship at Adler and Sullivan. Here, Wright worked directly under Sullivan "The Father of Skyscrapers" (Biohrapy.com Editors). Sullivan lived by the maxim "form follows function." All of his buildings went against European styles of Architecture that were filled with ornamental decorations.
Wright worked for Sullivan until 1893 when Wright started to accept private clients, breaking Sullivan's contract (About Frank Lloyd Wright). In the following 16 years Wright developed his Prairie House design which featured: Low pitched roofs, deep overhangs, no attics or basements, and generally long rows of casement windows. Wright often left the wood used unstained and unpainted to further emphasize its natural beauty.
In 1909 Wright worked with Ernst Wasmuth in Germany to construct two portfolios that would increase his international profile (Biography.com editors). In 1915 the Emperor of Japan commissioned Wright to design the Imperial Hotel in Tokyo. Wright spent seven years creating the hotel. He even claimed it to be resistant to earthquakes, which was proven to be true in 1923 (Biography.com editors).
In the 1930s Wright had virtually no clients due to the Great Depression. He turned to writing and teaching. During this time he published An Autobiography and The Dissapearing City. Both became "famous as the cornerstones of architectural literature" (Biography.com Editors).
In 1932 Wright founded the Taliesin Fellowship, an architectural school based out of his own home and studio (Biography.com Editors). Wright's Taliesin Fellowship taught integrated architecture along side with farming, gardening, cooking, nature studies, music, art, and dance.
In 1935, Wright, at age 70, reemerged to the public and designed many of his greatest works,most notably falling water. It is "Shockingly original and astonishingly beautiful, Falling water is marked by a series of cantilevered balconies and terraces constructed atop a waterfall" (Biography.com Editors).
In the late 1930s Wright constructed about 60 middle-income homes known as "Usonian Houses." These houses used some rather innovative designs such as solar heating, natural cooling and an early garage called a carport (Biography.com Editors).
In 1943 Wright began a 16-year-long project, designing the Guggenheim. Lloyds design at the time was controversial and the public had mixed reactions to it. In the present day nearly all of his buildings are seen as beautifully revolutionary.

Wright passed away on April 9, 1959, aged 91, only six months before the Guggenheim opened.

“The mission of an architect is to help people understand how to make life more beautiful, the world a better one for living in, and to give reason, rhyme, and meaning to life.” – FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT, 1957

Works Cited

About Frank Lloyd Wright. The Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation, n.d. Web. 26 Mar. 2017. <http://franklloydwright.org/frank-lloyd-wright/>.

Biography.com Editors. "Frank Lloyd Wright."

Biography.com. A&E Networks Television, 02 Apr. 2014. Web. 26 Mar. 2017. <http://www.biography.com/people/frank-lloyd-wright-9537511>.

Horton, Nick. "Frank Lloyd Wright on Early Rising." 鉄侍 THE IRON SAMURAI. N.p., 14 Mar. 2016. Web. 26 Mar. 2017. <http://www.theironsamurai.com/frank-lloyd-wright-early-rising/>.

-Aidan McCreary

Created By
Aidan McCreary
Appreciate

Credits:

Created with images by skeeze - "frank lloyd wright american architect interior designer" • tpsdave - "wisconsin hills sky" • Phil Roeder - "University of Wisconsin-Madison" • whitewall buick - "Guaranty Building from HABS" • born1945 - "Imperial Hotel, Tokyo, Frank Lloyd Wright" • FDR Presidential Library & Museum - "48-22 3897(104)" • John M. Quick - "Taliesin West" • AtHandGuides.com - "IMG_4971" • jplouis - "IMG_2824" • chris.ptacek - "The Guggenheim"

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.