The climate is very dry and there is extreme desert interior. Libya is in Northern Africa and borders the Mediterranean Sea. It is between Egypt, Tunisia, and Algeria. Libya is also about 2.5 times the size of Texas, and slightly bigger than Alaska. Their natural resources are petroleum, natural gas, and gypsum.
The population of Libya is 6,541,948. They have many ethnic groups, including, Berber and Arab 97%, other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turks, Indians, and Tunisians). Their religions consist of Muslim (official; virtually all Sunni) 96.6%, Christian 2.7%, Buddhist 0.3%, Hindu <0.1, Jewish <0.1, folk religion <0.1, unafilliated 0.2%, other <0.1. Their clothing is a mixture of Western and traditional. Girls commonly wear brightly colored dresses, and boys wear jeans and shirts. Young men and women wear predominantly modern clothing, but most women continue to cover their hair in keeping with Islamic tradition. The primary language is Arabic. The life expectancy is between 25-54.
The form of government is Constitutional republic, Parliamentary republic, and Provisional government. Magariaf is currently the leader of Libya. The capital of Libya is Tripoli.
Libya's currency is Libyan dinar, and the exchange rate is .71 US dollars. In Al Khums, Libya it shows the ruins of the Byzantine Empire. People love going to look at the "best preserved" ruins. Al-Saraya is in Tripoli, and has a red castle representing 3000 years of history. It is most important in Tripoli's landmarks, many historic things and statues from different cultures.
The European power that colonized my country was Italy. December 24, 1951 was when Libya gained independence as a constitutional and hereditary monarchy under King Idris. 1911-12 - Italy seizes Libya from the Ottomans. Omar al-Mukhtar begins 20-year insurgency against Italian rule. 1931 - Italy breaks resistance through combination of major armed operations and concentration camps for rebel population. Al-Mukhtar is captured and executed. 1977 - Col Gaddafi declares a "people's revolution", changing the country's official name from the Libyan Arab Republic to the Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriyah and setting up "revolutionary committees" - heralding the start of institutionalised chaos, economic decline and general arbitrariness. 1986 - US bombs Libyan military facilities, residential areas of Tripoli and Benghazi, killing 101 people, and Gaddafi's house, killing his adopted daughter. US says raids were in response to alleged Libyan involvement in bombing of Berlin disco frequented by US military personnel.
Muammar Gaddafi was born on June 7, 1942, and died on October 20, 2011. Muammar Gaddafi was a revolutionary leader and politician who took control of the reins of the country for 42 years. He created a revolutionary cell in the military which assisted in seizing power from King Idris in a bloodless coup. He also formed a 12-member Revolutionary Command Council which was Libya’s new ruling body and declared himself as its Chairman. Subsequently, he became the de-facto head of the states as well. He appointed himself as the Colonel and took on the post of Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces. He strengthened Libya’s relationship with France and Soviet Union, purchasing weapons from the latter, which directly affected the country’s relations with US. The gap further widened when he supported the Palestinians in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.
Muammar Gaddafi accomplished many things including, the foundation stone for the pipe production plant at Brega. This meant that the Great Man-Made River Project had begun. This was in 1984. In 1993 Phase I water from eastern well-fields at Sarir and Tazerbo reached Benghazi. Three years later, Phase II, bringing water to Tripoli from western well-fields at Jebel Hassouna, was completed. Under Gaddafi, Libya could boast one of the best healthcare services in the Middle East and Africa. Also if a Libyan citizen could not access the desired educational course or correct medical treatment in Libya they were funded to go abroad. Education and medical treatment were free.
The wildlife in Libya consists of cow, sheep, goat, chicken, lizards, snakes, turtles, Barbary sheep, a fennec, gazelle, and the golden greek tortoise. There national animal is the Arabian Eagle. In the desert you will find ninety-five species of reptiles which consist of lizards, snakes and turtles. Libya does have some protected areas where animals can live protected because most of the wildlife native to the county or extinct or on there way to being extinct.
Some natural events and disasters or natural hazards are hot, dry, dust-laden ghibli, this is a southern wind lasting one to four days in spring and fall. There are also dust storms, and sandstorms. Libya can also have some earthquakes, but it's usually once a year.