Samurai Project By Jackie perales

The Rise of a Military Society

Minamoto Yoritomo had set up a military government with it own capital city, making it a military society. A shogun was the military commander of a samurai clan who held most power of Japan. They were at the top of the feudal system pyramid. A daimyo was one of the great feudal lords who held large land holdings and had their own private samurai armies. They were at the second part to the top of the pyramid. And finally, the samurai are trained warriors of Japan who protect and fight against other samurai, also had to follow the code of conduct. They were at middle part of the pyramid.

Samurai Armor, Weapons, and Fighting

Samurai’s armour was mostly made out of leather or cloth and was dressed in heavy armour when he went to battle. They wore baggy and he wore a colorful robe called a kimono. It was flexible and the samurai was able to move freely. Boxlike panels covered the samurais chest and back, followed up by that, metal sleeves had protected his arms. After that, he wore a ferocious looking iron helmet that frightens enemy and protect his face. The weapons that belonged to samurai were bows, arrows, spears, and swords. The bow was about 8 feet long and ha samurai had to have great strength in order to use it. Samurai rode on horses and shot arrows at its opponent while riding. Foot soldiers used and threw spears at soldiers who were riding on horse, to knock them off. After they would knock them off with the thrust of the spear, they would kill the enemy With such power. Samurai’s most possessed weapon is the sword. Sword makers were great craftsmen and they made one of the most finest swords in the world used in battle. They would be flexible and not break, but razor sharp. Each samurai carried two swords, one to fight with a curved blade, and the other, a shorter sword, to cut off heads. The training and fighting skills samurai warriors used were extreme. Archery masters taught them mental and physical training. This kind of training, well any kind of training, required extensive training. The training had practiced shooting accurately without thinking, breathing properly, and to shoot opponents while riding on a horse. Fencing or swordsmanship taught warriors to learn how to force an enemy to make the first move, how to dodge a swipe of a sword, and how to fight in small spaces or fighting against more than two opponents. Other training included martial arts. This was taught in case of no weapon is in hand or if one had broke. They used martial arts to defend themselves without any weapon or using other objects like metal fans or wooden staffs.

Samurai Training and the Warrior Code (Bushido and other values)

A way to become a samurai is to be broken in a samurai clan. Once you are born, you grow up, train, become a better samurai, and go to war with others. They were physically trained to fight other samurai and to defend their town. And samurai were also mentally trained to endure pain and suffering. Bushido is the code of conduct that promises to samurai that they have to be loyal, courage, veracity, compassionate, and honored. Samurai had to be loyal to the lord, them dying an honorable death was better than a long life, samurai's wife learned how to handle weapons they needed to protect their family, and few of them became samurai women. Seppuku is a suicide method samurai used to kill themselves because they wanted to die in honor instead of dying in the hand of their enemies. Most samurai used it to kill themselves for committing serious offenses or needed to be punished for something they had done.

Training in Writing, Literature, and Tea Ceremony

The samurai studied calligraphy and poetry. The samurai used a brush, a block of ink, and paper or silk. The samurai wet the ink block and drew characters with the brush. One type of poetry they studied was a haiku. A haiku has three lines of 5, 7, and 5. The tea ceremony was another aspect of culture that samurai had studied. It fostered a spirit of harmony, reverence, and calm. It's also served as an important way to form political alliances among samurai.There were steps in the ceremony that needed to be performed. First they went through a door where they had to crawl into town order to get into the tearoom. Then you sat silently and watch the master make and serve the tea.Then they talked in discussions while they admired the eating utensils and the way the master had combined the tea.

Spiritual Training

A monk called Honen founded a popular form of Amida Buddhism in the 12th century. In the religion Buddhist believed that all people could reach paradise. Honen taught people could reach paradise by relying on the mercy of Amida Buddha. Samurai had to follow Zen Buddhism because of its emphasis is on effort and discipline. Zen Buddhism mostly focused on meditating and peace, that is one reason why Samurai had used this kind of religion. To reach enlightenment in Zen Buddhism they meditated for hours sitting with their legs crossed and sitting erect and not moving for hours. Zen buddhists had also built gardens to meditate in.

Women is Samurai Society

They changed because the women of Samurai family's had to protect their family, so they learned what samurai can do, also few of those women had became samurai. In the 12th century, women liked considerable status. This is when many samurai went to war and women had no choice but to protect their family by training as if they were a samurai. So the 12th century, there were a lot of fighting and protecting against both women and men. In the 17th century, the warrior culture developed a lot and the women's position had grown weak. So they had barely any power against men. They had to follow what other men tell them to do no matter what, literally had to anything the men wanted the women to do. They couldn't even control who they marry, the only thing they can really control is their faith of the family and the households.

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Created By
Jackie Perales

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