Josef Mengele "Angel of Death"

  • Josef Mengele was born March 11th, 1911
  • Raised in Gunzburg, Germany
  • Became interested in Aryan supremacy while studying human genetics
  • In 1939 he decided to enlist in the German army
  • Began to think about how he could breed an Aryan race
  • He became assigned to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp
  • He decided which incoming inmates worked or were sent to die
  • He was later named the chief medical officer there by Adolf Hitler
Josef Mengele in his SS, or Schutzstaffel, uniform when he was first assigned
  • He experimented on his patients in an attempt to breed the Aryan race
  • He wanted to create an army of blond haired and blue eyed soldiers
  • He performed these experiments without anesthesia
  • He quickly became known as the "Angel of Death"
  • He had a great interest in twins
  • The people performed on consisted of Jews, Gypsies, Jehovah's Witnesses, homosexuals, the mentally and physically disabled, and Mulatto children
  • All people fitting this criteria were in concentration camps
Josef Mengele on the left and colleague he worked with on the right

Some of his many experiments included...

  • Sewing children together to create siamese twins
  • Injecting dye into children's eyes to change the color
  • Freezing inmates to death
  • Gender change operations
  • Subjection to large amounts of radiation
  • Tearing off the limbs of children
  • Using electricity to test the endurance of pain
  • Beating children with a hammer to make them go insane

Mengele experimenting on twins

Two twins Dr. Mengele joined together

Eva (left) and Miriam (right) are a pair of twins that Josef Mengele experimented on

  • After the war ended, Josef Mengele assumed the identity of one of his allies who died
  • He was being hunted to be put on trial for the crimes he had committed
  • It is estimated around 400,000 people died in Auschwitz when Josef Mengele was there
  • He died in hiding under another identity
  • Died on February 7th, 1989

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Bibliography: Images

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Bibliography: Information

Haglund, William D. "Mengele, Josef." Encyclopedia of Genocide and Crimes Against Humanity, edited by Dinah L. Shelton, vol. 2, Macmillan Reference USA, 2005, pp. 682-683. Gale Virtual Reference Library, Accessed 20 Mar. 2017.

"Victims of the Holocaust." Victims of the Holocaust. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Mar. 2017.

"World Book Online Reference Center I Online Reference BookI Online Encyclopedia." World Book. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 Mar. 2017

"Holocaust: Non-Jewish Victims Newsletter: Volume 1, Issue 1 F© 2001- 2007 - 2012Terese Pencak Schwartz." Nazis - No Need for the Disabled. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 Mar. 2017.

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