Medications: Some prescriptions and over-the-counter medications can cause side effects such as dizziness, dehydration or interactions with each other that can lead to falls
Vision: In the aging eye, less light reaches the retina which makes contrasting edges, tripping hazards, and obstacles harder to see.
Balance and gait: As we age, its common to lose some coordination, flexibility, and balance this can be do primarily through inactivity, making it easier to fall.
Environment: Most older adults have lived in their homes for a long time and have never thought about simple modifications that might keep it safer as they age. Or when a change of environment occurs the new environment can present as a challenge to navigate.
Chronic conditions: Many older adults have at least one chronic condition like diabetes, stroke, or arthritis. Often times, these increase the risk of falling because they result in lost function, inactivity, depression, pain, or medications.