The Creek Indians By Megan Chapman

The Creek Indians got their name by European colonists after being first found near Ocheese Creek.

They are also known as the Muscogee Indians.

The Creek Indians are descendants of Mississippian culture peoples.

The War of 1812
The Creek War

The Creek Indians were furious that the Americans had pushed into their lands. They were usually a peaceful tribe, but nevertheless they were prepared to fight 1813. During the War of 1812, some Creeks sided with Britain, but others sided with the United States.

War Breaks Out

Soon later, the Creek Indians attacked Fort Mims, killing about 250 people. Jackson responded by gathering 2,000 volunteers. His troops attacked the Creeks on the Tallapoosa River. This was known as the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

The Creek War ended with the Treaty of Fort Jackson, which was signed in 1814. It caused the Creeks to give up much of their land.

Indian Removal

The Creek Indians resisted removal in 1836, but eventually 14,500 were captured and led to Indian Territory.

Photos -


Created with images by tpsdave - "canada landscape scenic" • Boston Public Library - "Attendees of the 1898 Indian Congress [Yellow Magpie (Araphahoe)]"

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