Trench Warfare Survival Guide Ainsley Shyk

Gas Masks

Gas Masks Are (Still) Creepy by Kurt Clark is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution

Gas masks were extremely useful in World War I because of the start of the use of poison gases like chlorine. Many gas masks that were made before the one above were usually easy to break and weak. To ensure safety, masks were dipped in anti-chemical gases such as sodium hyposulphite (Trueman).

Rifle

Full Marching Kit Painting by Archives New Zealand is licensed by Creative Commons Attribution

Weapons in trenches were also very useful. Things such as rifles, normally used by the British, were helpful when any enemy attempted to cross to other trenches. Also, rifles were much easier for people to carry and and easier way to eliminate enemy (Wikipedia Contributors).

Steel Helmet

The Driver Memorial by ThruTheseLines is licensed by Creative Commons Attributions

The steel helmet was also extremely helpful in trenches because of the advancements of artillery. World War I introduced the use of the steel helmet and would later continue to be used, even in camouflage. Steel helmets were usually used for air artillery protection and were a major improvement from leather and spiked helmets (Watanabe).

Trenching Tool

2010-136-1 Entrenching Tool, World War I by Naval History and Heritage Command is licensed by Creative Commons Attributions

The entrenching tool was definitely the most useful tool in the trenches. These were used for digging trenches and very important for life inside them. The trench tool could be used by anyone, and was used to dig with two hands. The handle was usually made of wood, and the head was metal (Wikipedia Contributors).

Socks

Women Working on Socks for Soldiers at Crowded Tables by State Library of South Australia is licensed by Creative Commons Attributions

One of the most valued items in the trenches were socks. Even though the purpose seems obvious, clean socks could also be used to filter water to drink if boiling wasn't a option. Also, when it rained on the field, the trenches would get extremely muddy and wet, therefore giving soldiers with dirty, wet socks "trench foot".

Work Cited

Trueman, C. N. "Gas Masks in World War I." The History Learning Site, 16 Aug. 2016,

www.historylearningsite.co.uk/world-war-one/the-western-front-in-world-war-one/

gas-masks-in-world-war-one/. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Watanabe, Nathan. "Steel Helmet." International Encyclopedia of the First World War, 1 Apr. 2016,

encyclopedia.1914-1918-online.net/article/steel_helmet. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Wikipedia Contributors. "Entrenching Tool." Wikipedia, Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 Mar.

2017, en.wikipedia.org/w/

index.php?title=Special:CiteThisPage&page=Entrenching_tool&id=770836623. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

---. "List of Infantry Weapons of World War I." Wikipedia, 26 Mar. 2017, en.wikipedia.org/wiki/

List_of_infantry_weapons_of_World_War_I#.C2.A0British_Empire. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by Mosman Library - "Uncatalogued and unknown First World War" • KurtClark - "Gas Masks are (Still) Creepy" • Archives New Zealand - "Full marching kit painting" • ThruTheseLines - "The Driver Memorial" • Naval History & Heritage Command - "2010-136-1 Entrenching Tool,World War I" • State Library of South Australia - "Women working on socks for soldiers at crowded tables"

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