"Minecraft: Education Edition is an open-world game that promotes creativity, collaboration, and problem-solving in an immersive environment where the only limit is your imagination." Items are built using the Minecraft Elements. Each element block is based on real world elements such as fire, wood, iron, steel, sand etc... Depending on your design, the player can decide which element block to use.
Players can build amazing structures, machines, and even interactive elements. There are elements that "conduct electricity" -redstone which can be controlled with levers and swithches. Players can then create simple machines demonstrating their knowledge of the design process. Castles can be created based off historical studies in class, daylight sensors can be added, because in Minecraft there are simulated days and nights.
Minecraft Education Edition is different in that the teacher computer holds all the power, teachers can create new worlds for their students to explore or pick from existing teacher created worlds with lessons.
Mincraft is collaborative and interactive by design. Students can all play in the same world (limited to your classroom or school). Students can work together to build and solve problems within your lesson and world.