Hot Zone Olivia Orbin

What is a Pathologist? A pathologist is a physician who interprets and diagnoses the changes caused by disease in tissues and body fluids. There are many different kinds of pathologist such as a clinical pathologist, anatomic pathologist, and forensic pathologist. As a pathologist, you examine and diagnose body fluids, such as blood and urine, or tissues from samples to diagnose disease. You also could be the physician in charge of a lab with the responsibility of managing other physicians and lab technicians. Also they are required to stay current and informed with research and development in the field of pathology and to keep current on existing data in medical practices and disease.

They usually work in hospital, labs, or medical schools. A character in the book that had this profession was Eugene Johnson. He is a biohazard expert who runs the Ebola research program at USAMRIID in 1983. Four years later, Johnson identifies the Marburg virus in a blood serum sample taken from Peter Cardinal. He also proves that Marburg and Ebola have the ability to travel through the air. In 1988, he organizes an trip to Kitum Cave with Dr. Peter Tukei but isnt able to identify the origin of the virus. In 1989, Johnson works with Jerry Jaax on the operation.

http://pathology.medicine.iu.edu/education/graduate/graduate-tracks/pathologists-assistant/

What is a Virologist? A sciencest dealing with the study of viruses and the diseases caused by them. A virologist is a research professional, preparing, conducting and overseeing studies of microorganisms is a core duty. Also virologists usually supervise a team of researchers, especially in universities or in larger private labs.

Many virologists work in hospitals or in large medical clinics. Often collaborate with other medical staff who deal with individual patient cases. On a daily bases, they test many samples and studies of microorganisms. From the book Nancy Jaax, had this profession. She worked on Jean Johnson's ebola experiment observing his body and observing what the buyers had done to his body. Later in the book she was appointed a cheap and worked in many of the outbreak operations. Another location where a Virologist could study pathogens is at a research center.

http://www.news.cornell.edu/stories/2005/11/avian-flu-study-takes-cu-virologist-australia

What is a Veterinarian? Veterinarians diagnose, prevent, and treat a variety of animal illnesses and diseases. They administer tests, observe conditions in animals, perform surgery, and prescribe medicaiition and/or therapy. Not all veterinarians work in the same place because they work with different animals. On a daily bases they work with their patients and test samples.

Veterinarians work in clinics or animal hospitals. Veterinarians who treat small domestic animals work indoors in an office and clinics. Veterinarians who treat large livestock, such as cattle, horses, pigs, goats, etc. work outside at a farm or ranch. Veterinarians may also work at animal control facilities, biomedical facilities, diagnostic laboratories, wildlife facilities, drug and food manufacturing companies, and food safety inspection facilities. Dan Daugaard was a character from the book that had this profession. He worked at the Reston Primate Quarantine Unit examining the monkeys where the outbreak began. During the outbreak, Dan kept a chronology of events at the unit. Another location where this profession could work is at a veterinarian hospital where all types of animals are kept.

http://www.science20.com/the_conversation/sexism_straight_from_the_horses_mouth_life_as_a_female_veterinarian-148827

What is a Epidemiologist? Research epidemiologists study diseases to find ways to cure or prevent them, researching diseases that affect the whole human body, like HIV, or focusing their research on illnesses that focus on one region of the body, such as the heart. An epidemiologist career includes working with the public, communicating their findings and tapping the public for data collection through interviews, surveys, and samples of various bodily fluids. Epidemiologists also discuss their findings with health practitioners and policymakers.

Research epidemiologists typically work at research facilities, such as universities, or for the federal government. Clinical epidemiologists usually work in hospitals or outpatient centers, where they work with doctors to stop or prevent the outbreak of diseases. A character from the book that had this profession is Karl Johnson. He was a doctor at the CDC and helped indenting to the Ebola virus from a blood sample. The alternate location this profession could work is in a lab testing blood samples and determining sickness that could kill a person.

http://medicalandhealthcare.com/professions/veterinary-zoology/epidemiologist-education-and-career-information.html

What is a Microscopist? Microscopists study a variety of objects and materials that are too small to be seen by the human eye. They use microscopes to determine the makeup and characteristics of materials. They investigate the growth, structure, development, and other characteristics of microscopic organisms, such as bacteria, algae, or fungi.

This job usually requires a combination of office and lab work. Lab work can present health hazards, depending on what kind of research microscopists are being used. Competition for jobs can be competitive, and many research projects that employ microscopists rely on grant funding. Tom Geisburt had this profession in the book. He observed the infected monkeys cells through the microscope to identify the signs of a filovirus. Another location this profession to work at is in a lab observing viruses.

http://www.wisegeek.com/what-does-a-microscopist-do.htm

General Question 1: Thus lab is one of two National Biocontainment Laboratories constructed under grants awarded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases/National Institutes of Health, the Galveston National Laboratory (GNL). They use new technologies and the best security systems combined with recruitment of world experts in the fields of emerging and reemerging infectious are components to work at the GNL. The work includes studies aimed at developing a more holistic understanding of the biology and ecology of these diseases, their causes, interactions, influences, potential and nature. They want to accomplish this by carrying out multiple research projects into the causes, modes of transmission, and mechanisms of infectious diseases. Which allowing for the translation of this knowledge into practical measures that can improve human health. To reach these goals we bring the as many as possible array of scientific disciplines to focus on these problems, including not only microbiology, virology, and molecular immunology, but also field investigation, epidemiology, vector ecology, pathology, molecular genetics, molecular biology, human and pathogen genomics and proteomics, structural and chemical biology, systems and computational biology, and clinical medicine.

The GNL is 215 mi away from Austin.

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