The Battle of Little BigHorn By Warren Pixley and jason murphy

The Battle of Little BigHorn was fought on June 25, 1876 along the Little Big Horn River in the Montana territory. It was a fight between a combined force Lakota Sioux and Cheyenne Indians under chiefs Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse versus the seventh U.S cavalry allied with the Crow Indians and 39 Arikara Indians. There were six Crow Scouts with General Custer, Curly, White Swan, Hairy Moccasin, White Man Runs, and Half Yellow Face.

This is the Scouting party

Why was the Battle fought? The Lakota Sioux tribe was the most hated tribe in Indian history due to their constant conquesting. As they moved onto other Indian reservations, other tribes wanted to end their tyrannical rule, with the help of the U.S government. Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer with the seventh U.S cavalry and six Crow Nation scouts were on a recon expedition, when Custer spotted a Sioux camp. He sent a Crow scout named Curly to scout the village, and he reported back that their was a huge Sioux and Cheyenne force (larger than theirs) allong with Cheif Crazy Horse. Despite these reports, Custer continued the attack.

This is Curly the Crow Scout
This is a diagram mapping the battle

Custer's Strategy: George Custer planned on attacking the Sioux village and trapping them on the right flank. They were then going to attack in unison on three fronts. He split his army into three divisions, his, General Marcus Reno's, and General Benteen's. Benteen was sent to the far end of the village, and Reno attacked from the left flank. Custer charged the center.

The Failure: Custer told both of his generals to attack when they heard gunfire, and advised Reno to wait for reinforcements, but when Custer left, Reno instantly charged his unit. As Reno resumed the attack, he was bambarded by arrows and bullets. To avoid being trapped, he dismounted his troops and retreated up the hill, but was overrun by Sioux infantry. Reno received support from the reserves in the back and escaped, but suffered heavy casualties. Meanwhile, Custer attacking the mid-line failed to estimate the terrain he would be navigating. He had to cross over many bluffs and ravines while engaging with Indians. If that wasn't hopeless enough, Frederick Benteen did not charge his troops when he hered gunfire, leaving Custer to fight alone. While this went on, Cheif CrazyHorse crossed his troops over the Little Bighorn River, catching Custer in a pincher move. As Custer's troops were bombarded, he ordered the horses to be shot and stacked into a wall. This didn't help them as they were all brutally slaughtered at Custer's last stand.

Custer's last stand.

The Aftermath of the battle: Due to the killing of Custer, the U.S government retaliated with full fledged force against the Sioux. The might of the United States proved too much for the Lakota and the Cheyenne, so they finally retreated off of their reservation, and all the reservations they had stolen. Once the Lakota were crushed, Chief Sittting Bull was captured and executed for his crimes against the Crow and other Indian nation's. Frederick Benteen and Marcus Reno were both blamed for the lost of the battle; due to defying orders, and were both fired from their jobs as generals.

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