### About the Course

This class focuses on basic concepts of statistics that are usually gained in an introductory college course to statistics. The class is developed around the AP Statitics guidlines set forth by College Board.

**There are four main branches of statistics that this course will cover:**

- Data Analysis
- Experimental Design
- Probability
- Inferential Statistics

Helpful AP Statistics Resources

### AP Expectations

This is an AP course which means that it will be treated as a college course; therefore, the quality of the work and the study habits for this course should be reflective of a college course.

The average amount of time spent ** studying, working, and preparing** for a college course is

**. A major expectation of this course, as for any AP course, is taking and successfully passing the AP exam. You will be given the materials and skills needed to earn college credit on the AP exam. It is your job to sign up and put those skills to use. How you prepare and study before the test, will go a long way to helping you pass the test.**

*3 hours for every 1 hour spent in class*### Topics by Semester

#### 1st Semester

Graphical Methods for Analyzing Data

How do we gather and organize data? Once the data is organized how do we display the data. Topics include graphical displays for quantitative and qualitative data.

Numerical Methods for Analyzing Data

What summaries are available to us from the data we have collected? Which summaries accurately represent what we want the data to inform? Topics include mean, median, shape, spread, variation, and positional measures of data.

Least Squares Regression

How do we model and graph data involving 2 variables? How does using a line help up to make predictions about unknown data? Topics include linear regression, correlation, and influential points.

The Normal Model

Why do so many data patterns follow the phenomenon of the Normal distribution? Topics include standard scores, The Empirical Rule, and normal probabilities from the normal curve.

Sampling and Simulations

What are the techniques used to gather data and study their patterns? How do we responsibly ensure that are data is representative of the population of interest? Topics include sampling techniques, types of bias occurring during sampling, and ways to simulate or model real world experiments.

Experimental Design

How do we collect and gather our data in way that ensures we are studying the variables of interest. Topics include, types of experiments, the factors of an experiments, and extraneous variables than can influence the design of our experiment.

Probability

The study of classic probability is needed to understand how randomness differs from bias. These topics include conditional probability, independence, and Bayes's Theorem.

#### 2nd Semester

Random Variables

This section covers the many probabilistic distributions that arise in statistics. The central topics in this unit cover the binomial distribution and the normal distribution.

Sampling and Variability

Why does data tend to trend in the same direction no matter what variable is under investigation? We have a theorem in statistics that helps to explain that. The topics that are discussed are sampling distributions and the Central Limit Theorem.

Confidence Intervals

What do we do when we don't know but need to get a clue? We try to develop confidence intervals. In this section we discuss ways to create a confidence interval for 1 and 2 sample means and proportions.

Hypothesis Testing

Do you believe every claim that is made by a manufacture of a product? What if you have evidence that is different than what is stated? This unit teaches the methods on how to conduct a test that will allow you to test the validity of a claim. Topics includes hypothesis test for 1 and 2 sample means and proportions.

Chi-Squared Tests

We need to develop test for not only numerical data, but for also categorical data. Chi-squared is a statistic that can be used just for this purpose. Topics include, Goodness-of-Fit, Homogeneity, and Test of Independence using the Chi-Squared statistic.

Linear Regression Test

Testing the relationship between two numerical variables is the job of the linear regression t-test. Topics in this section will include, the test of independence based on the slope, and a test for the correlation of two variables.

### Classroom Policies

#### Assignments and Grading Policy

Test 70%

Test will be modeled after the AP Exam, and will consists of part multiple-choice and part free response questions. All test must be completed in the time allotted. If you should fail a test, an opportunity to retest will be given no later than the next schedule test. The maximum grade on a retest is a 70. If extra-credit is given on a test, the retest will not receive such credit.

Quizzes 15%

Quizzes, unlike tests will be topic specific. Like test they will be modeled after the AP exam, having multiple choice and free response questions. They generally are shorter than tests.

Quizzes may OR may not be announced ahead of time and may happen any time during class. Quizzes are like test in that they must be completed by the allotted time

Homework and Daily Grades 15%

Homework/Daily Grades are due by announced dates in class. Homework due dates will be announced in advanced and communicated to students on a regular basis. Homework is graded on a combination of effort, completeness, and accuracy. You will be held accountable for all material in the homework the following day it is assigned, even though the homework itself may not be due till a later date. Late homework may or may not be accepted at my discretion (for a reduced grade). No homework should be turned in for a section after the test for that section is taken.

### Rules and Procedures

#### Turning in Assignments

All homework is due by due dates that will be announced in class. The homework will be placed in the appropriate period tray that is labeled on my dest. Please be cognizant that once homework goes in the tray, it will not be removed. Homework must be turned in by the end of a period, unless otherwise noted, at which point it will be late.

#### Calculator Usage

As technology advances in the world so does its use in math. This is no truer than the use of a graphing calculator in AP Statistics. The most important aspect of the class if understand concepts. The calculator aids in this by allowing students to cut down on the amount work and calculations that must be done by hand.

It is imperative that you have access to a ti-84 graphing calculator in and outside of class. In class I will assign each one of you a calculator. If you do not have assess to out outside of class you will need to check one out from the library.

* If your calculator is missing at any point, please notify me IMMEDIATELY. * This way we can try to locate the calculator and you are not responsible for its loss.

#### Technology

iPad

With the new year comes new advancements. We will use the iPad extensively in this class. You must remember that your iPad is not only technology, but it is a great tool that will help you tremendously over the course of the year. Here are a couple of norms for technology in this class:

1) Bring your iPad to class fully charged.

2) Respect those around you while using your iPad. Keep headphones with you just in case a lesson involves a video or sound at some point.

3) Be responsible for what you do and your iPad's upkeep. Keep track of it and stay on task.

4) Most importantly do not forget that having these in class are a privilege. Just like any privilege it can be lost at any time.

Cell Phones

Cell phones will not suffice for having your iPad. Please be sure to use them responsibility and only when designated to do so. If a cell phone becomes a disruption it will be picked up, and school code of conduct rules and procedures will be enforced.

### Tutorial Policy

#### Morning Tutorials

Monday-Thursday 8:00 am - 8:40 am

The pace at which this class moves is fast. There will be times when you will not fully understand a topic or topics covered. It is always in your best interest to attend tutorials. Tutorial time has been set aside by the school from 8:00 am to 8:40 am, Monday through Thursday. Tutorials on Friday need to be scheduled with me, to check my availability.

#### Afternoon Tutorials

TBA 4:00 pm - 5:00 pm

Afternoon tutorials take place in the athletic wing. Designated subject teachers are available to help with some subject matter, and to give Retest or make up test that cannot be scheduled before school or during school.

### Retesting Policy

If a student receives below a 70 on a test, that student will be allowed to take one retest to improve their score. They are only allowed one retest on each test given in a marking period. The highest grade that can be made on a retest is a 70.

#### Procedures

1) Inform me that you would like to take a retest, by contacting me through email or after class.

2) Schedule the retest within one week of getting you original test back There will be no retest scheduled after the week has passed.

3) Students must take the retest before the next test in a marking period.

4) Retest will be put in at the end of a 3-week cycle.

**5) There are no retest on quizzes.**

### Make-up Work Policy

You are responsible for asking and receiving any and all assignments and if possible notes from EVERY day that you missed on your first day back to class. This generally should take place before school, and not during class.

Make-Up work Procedures

If you miss a day when assignments are due, they are due upon the first day you return. Your missed work will be kept in a folder in the back of the room.

Missing a review day does not excuse you from a test. If the only day missed is a review, you will be expected to take the test when you return.

Depending on the length of your absence, you will have a maximum of 5 days to complete all missing assignments.

### Remind

This course uses the app Remind to communicate with students as well parents. Students are encouraged to sign up for the Remind for this class as well as be active participants in the class by using the app to ask questions, communicate with me, and receive any other information that is vital to their success in the class.

### Canvas

Canvas is the system that will be implemented throughout the year. using this app and web-based program we will be submitting work receiving feedback, and doing project based learning with canvas.

### About Me

Credits:

Created with images by umezy12 - "Classroom" • blickpixel - "cube game cube instantaneous speed pay play" • kaboompics - "calculator scientific numbers finance statistics calculate maths" • geralt - "school board empty slate blackboard chalk writing" • Thought Catalog - "untitled image" • Kelly Sikkema - "iPad Pro screen" • Devanath - "pencil office design creative paper idea job" • Dawid Małecki - "untitled image" • 6689062 - "journal write blank" • FirmBee - "mobile phone iphone music technology communication telephone" • Angelina Litvin - "Pencil shavings on a notebook" • Nathan Dumlao - "untitled image" • Nick Hillier - "Glasses and a magazine"