The first shots of the war were shot on March 2011 by the Syrian dictator Bashar Al Assad. In July, some Syrian protesters start shooting back, and a group who calls themselves the Free Syrian army defect from assads are to join them.
“After several months, the protests evolved into an armed rebellion, and then into a full-fledged civil war.”
In 2012, this is when extremists from Syria and around the region come to join the rebels.
By 2015 the main groups that were involved was Assad, (who was backed by Hezbolla, Iran and Russia) Isis, Kurds ( who were partially backed by the US), and the rebels (who were backed by the gulf states, Jordan and Turkey).
"Each side has different foreign backer and those foreign backers don't even agree with one another about who they are fighting for or who they are fighting against."
Causes of the Conflicts
The major event that caused the war to start to be violence was the first shots that were shot by Assad against peaceful dictators. Initially, the lack of freedom and money issues added to the resentment toward the government.
A drought due to a change in climate conditions cause 1.5 million people to travel from the countryside into the cities which led those people to poverty and rebellion.
Also a wave of people against the syrian government and revolutions made its way through the Middle East and North Africa, causing Assad to respond violently, killing and imprisoning hundreds of demonstrators.
The biggest effect that results from the war is the amount of death, some deaths of civilians and some from the groups that participated in the conflicts.
“Staggering 470,000 deaths have been caused by the conflict, either directly or indirectly.”
“A further 6.5 million people are internally displaced inside Syria, 1.2 million were driven from their homes in 2015 alone.”
Another effect of the conflict, is the Syrian government responding to the protesters by launching more that 100 attacks on the rebels