LITERATURE THROUGH MY EYES

More than a heap of words

TEN REASONS TO STUDY LITERATURE

  1. "Through literature you start questioning about something"
  2. "You can use literature as a weapon to control someone, because the pen is mightier than the sword"
  3. "By having new words you can expand in the meanings and the ideas"
  4. "In the world there are universal values but different way to express them"
  5. "We can broaden and deepen our experience through literature"
  6. "It gives a different facet of the real events"
  7. "Literary study involves reading poems, plays, novels and stories, thinking about them, discussing them and writing about them due to an increase in the desire for practical and human skills."
  8. "Literary study expands our capacity to sympathize with other human beings"
  9. "Literature intellectually stimulates and helps us to see the world more clearly"
  10. "Literature creates in you the need to investigate"
You can like reading or not, as all things in life. Sometimes we feel obligated to read, but when we do this voluntarily we will find our history by reading those of others, we enrich ourselves and we become more aware of the importance that literature has in our life.

"THE CANTERBURY TALES"

by Geoffrey Chaucer

the sIMILARITIES between Boccaccio & Chaucer

Both of their works are set in a frame narrative, that is a man introduction that stands the purpose of setting the scene for shorter stories. The Decameron starts with the description of the plague that damaged Florence in 1348, while to pass the time pleasantly, each of the men and women will tell a story for every nights they spent together. The Canterbury Tales' prologue is similar but while Boccaccio describes the effects of the epidemic on the society, Chaucer focuses his attention on the people, presenting each pilgrim in a detailed way.

SOME CHARACTERS

During the first lessons we have analyzed in greater depth and detail way the characteristics of some characters like the Wife of Bath, the Prioress and the Merchant. The author casts light on a woman called Dame Alice, who represents worldly, earthy qualities as well as a female point of view, the Wife of Bath. He highlights the status of women in society. As far as I'm concerned she was the most interesting character because she epitomizes the woman's role through an ironic and humorous view. She is confident, congenial and an expert in love and romance. She has had five husbands, she enjoys her freedom, and is openly sensual. In the opposite side Chaucer describes the Prioress as a charming lady and her appearance conforms to the comporary ideal of beauty; in this regard he shares the anticlerial attitude. She has precise manners, eats as an aristocrat would, and wears a gold brooch with "Love conquers all" inscribed in Latin. This character has not impressed me, because, in my opinion, there is not something new or different of a "common person".

comparison between THE CANTERBURY TALES AND THE CASTLE OF CROSSED DESTINIES

I really enjoyed this topic that we have covered because I found similarities between the work of Chaucer and the Castle of Crossed Destinies by Italo Calvino, one of my favorite texts. For example in both of them there is a group of people who meet in a closed place (in a tavern and in a castle) in order to tell to each other their story.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3n5m8Zjai9k

WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE

KEY TOPICS ABOUT SHAKESPEARE (1564-1616)

  • He is an iconic figure of literature.
  • He wrote to be performered in the theatre.
  • He was an hystorical document for the humanity.
  • He had to catch the attention of the public.
  • He used the dramatic irony.
  • He wrote historical dramas about the history of the UK at the time.
  • His plays and sonnets have been performed in nearly every major language on every continent.

"I FIND NO PEACE"

The confusion, the ambiguity and the vacillation of feelings and emotions connected with love is the subject of this sonnet. The poem is built from opposite sentiments and ideas to reflect the full range of feeling that love can provoke. The opening image of war and peace also reminds me of the constant battles interspersed with brief periods of peace that we have been in the past but which are still present today. A constant search for a peaceful interlude, something hopeless.

"SHALL I COMPARE THEE"

This sonnet deals with the immortality of art in general, so in this case the poetry. The poet answers to such profound joy and beauty is to ensure that his friend be forever in human memory, saved from the oblivion that accompanies the death. He achieves this through his verse hoping that his friend will become one with time. The answer lies in the final couplet, which reaffirms the poet's hope that as long as there is breath in mankind, his poetry too will live on.

"So long as men can breathe or eyes can see,

So long lives this, and this gives life to thee."

"like as the waves"

This sonnet is about the desctructive power of time and the role of art. Perhaps it is the best illustration of the theme of the ravages of time. In each quatrain the passage of time in man's life is presented through metaphors. The turning point of the poem lies in the final couplet, where the poet tells to us that the time is responsible of the fall of the man, which make me fell unaware towards the power of time.

"MY MISTRESS' EYES"

Majbe this is the best sonnet I have ever read until now, perhaps because it is about the theme of the love simple and deep without exaggerated comparisons. Most of the sonnets wrote during the Elizabethan age England were modeled after that of Petrarch. The "golden age" of poetry was considered the most flourishing period of songs and sonnets, which come from Italy. Petrarch’s famous sonnet sequence was written as a series of love poems to an idealized and idolized mistress named Laura. He praises her beauty, her worth, and her perfection using an extraordinary variety of metaphors. Instead, in Shakespeare these metaphors are against the idea of courtly love. The result was that the poet loves the woman for her human qualities, for her real look that is so romantic. The thing that I found most interesting was the fact that the sonnet essentially raises the question "what is beauty?" which is explained in the final couplet:

"And yet by heaven I think my love as rare

as any she belied with false compare."

HAMLET

"Hamlet" could be read as a revenge tragedy joined with a series of theme that are central to humanity like the youth and age, the action and the inaction and the existence of God and the life after death. The Elizabethan era was a violent one and the lifetime of the Queen saw the executions and premature deaths of many men and women. According to this, from my point of view Shakespeare was able to create a stunning work in which is constantly present a contrast clush between two different generations and a constant tension between life and death.

ACT I, SCENE V - HAMLET

I think that the most portent lines in act 1 scene 5 are line (18) “to tell the secrets of my prison-house lightest word would” because these lines are important since the ghost is saying how he would be the only one to bring the truth to light, also in line 25 “Revenge his foul and most unnatural murder.” Here the ghost clearly sends the message to Hamlet to do revenge of his murder. All this is causing a strong impact in the soul of the viewer and a sense of anxiety and deeply fear.

ACT III, SCENE I

"Devoutly to be wish'd. To die to sleep". He views death as a constant sleep in which you can never awaken from. He also continues the concept of suicide and how it could be an alternative to dealing with all the hardships life has to offer. Death is not an act of weakness because you are not aware of what will happen in the future, so life is a compromise.

A fun and cute comparison

ROMEO AND JULIET

THE POWER OF LOVE

ACT ONE: the most important part is when Romeo sees Juliet and they begin to fall in love. They are shocked when they learn each other's identifies. Even more impressive than his stylistic virtuosity is Shakespeare’s carefully calibrated character development. For instance, we learn in Act 1 that Benvolio is a pacifist, while Tybalt is hot-headed. Other characters that Shakespeare introduces in Act 1 reveal a glimmer of their inner desires even if they do not yet have a chance to express their own feelings.

ACT TWO: above all Friar Lawrece agrees to help Romeo and Juliet marry. The scene I like the most is the balcony scene (act II, scene II) because it is the key moment when they declare their real love. The author for a moment forgets slavery to appearances and prejudices against origins to cast light on love. Makes the two protagonists free to be what they really want to be; because we generally waste time to show what emotionswe really feel. I really liked how Shakespeare considered the love of two teenagers.

ACT FIVE: we face on two opposite topics: the life represented by love which is the most passionate sentiment and the potion depicted in death. There is also a misunderstanding that is lethal. Others consider the rashness and the youth of Romeo and Juliet the cause of the death, in fact the tragic conclusion would be a warning for anyone wants follow the really instinctive desires without the mediations and patience, furthermore I considered this love story so contemporary.

I think that their parents and the two families' hate are responsible for this tragic accident. If the two families haven't hated each other, it would't have went this way. Meanwhile, could the parents of the two fighting families imagine how strongly their son and daughter loved each other? Likely the love between Romeo and Juliet as strong as than the rivality between Capulet and Montague, and it makes the story meaningful and able to pursue an ideal.

Romeo and Juliet is a medieval play. It enters among the histories of unhappy lovers but at the contrary of the other great tragedies, "Romeo and Juliet " is more a tragedy of incidents and of mocking destinies.

"Love conquers all"

MACBETH

plot

"Macbeth is a play which talks about a knight, Macbeth, who was coming back from an important battle, and during the walk met three witches predicted him that ha was going to become sir of Cardow and than king. So invited Duncan to have dinner at his home, the same night helped by his wife he killed him and gave guilt to the king's guardians. So Macbeth became king but Duncan's sons, helped by English nobles move themselves against Macbeth to take control in Scotland. The witches predicted this evenement to Macbeth. This man was Macduff whose wife and son Macbeth made kill because he was born by a caesarean birth. So the play ends with the death of Macbeth."

themes

Scenes of violence are narrated by the protagonists' voices, which provide the public with detailed descriptions of acts committed. The drama opens with the description of the wounds in the battle of the conductors Macbeth and Banquo. Then Macbeth's bloody hands killing the King. Violence raises blood. Blood is the fault that lies in the consciences of Macbeth and his wife, and will lead both to death within a few days. During the development of Macbeth, the two main characters are often subjected to visions and hallucinations. Shakespeare does not reveal whether the visions are real or the result of hallucinations. This creates a mystery climate and allows the viewer to decide what is true or not, which is very interesting.

my feelings

To be honest, Macbeth was the play I liked less, perhaps because there were many crimson and obscure scenes. I do not like the blood that in this narrative becomes a fundamental element. As we all know, violence raises violence and this does not seem to me to be a teaching to be handed down but to be overcome. There is the theme of the equivocal in its most dangerous form, closely related to false appearances as in the episode of the Duncan homicide. I did not appreciate the inclusion of magic and witches that in my opinion made the story less current.

"Fair is foul, and foul is fair"

The merchant of Venice

themes

I was impressed by how the author managed to embody so complex issues so harmoniously. The themes analyzed in the work are the clash between the Jewish world and the Christian world, love, friendship, and justice, and how the latter, without the mediation of human reason, might be brutal if applied literally. The economy is a matter of primary importance in this play, where there is a rivalry between the merchant economy and religious traditions. During Shakespeare's era lending money with the relocation of an interest had become a common practice, so that the principles of economics surpassed religious principles. Venetians of the Venice Mercantile express a deep intolerance towards the Jews. Shylock practices an immoral profession (the borrower), and shows no pity because of the accumulated rancor resulting from years of torture suffered, including the ban on Jews to practice many other professions in Venice.

my feelings

I had already analyzed this work during the second year of the middle school and I always like to read a few steps, especially the part of the happy ending love story between Portia and Bassanio, Jessica and Lorenzo. I loved this love and adventure story, especially because it is set in Venice that in my opinion is one of the beauties that Italians can boast around the world. Is divided into five acts, each one of them is rich in affairs and loving intrigues or rivalries caused by religion and money. All extremely current themes, unfortunately.

I personally took these photos as a souvenir of a beautiful holiday with my family

FRANKENSTEIN

THE AUTHOR

Mary Shelley was an important figure in the Romantic Era of English Literature. She realized the idea of Frankenstein when she was at Lake Geneva in Switzerland with Byron and her next husband. Byron proposed to all his friends to compose each one of the most terrifying stories possible. Afflicted by the hypothesis that life could be restored to the dead, Mary wrote a melancholic story of a creator of monsters, destined to see his life and his dearest afflicts destroyed for the sake of his own creature. A powerful and terrible tale that, published in 1818, soon spread all over the world, reaching a universal fame.

THEMES

In the novel there is the theme of transgressive science, which violates the limits set for human knowledge. The scientist challenges God and begins to give birth to a creature. The theme of violence and revenge is also present as the monster created by the scientist causes the death of his brother, his friend, his wife, his father and that of Frankenstein himself. The scientist is constantly obsessed with regret for all this because he is considered the true responsible, the true assassin. Among the most commonly used themes is the influence of passions on human actions to the point of completely overturning the existence of those who are overwhelmed by them.

my feelings

It is a novel that can be read with different reading keys, following different points of view. It’s a good book and I really enjoyed myself reading it. Initially I considered the act of creation a simple experiment of a scientist who wanted to feel greater and more skilled than God; With the continuation of reading horror began to prevail, turning into a disturbing story in which a heartless monster began to have thirst for revenge that proves to be wicked and fierce, ruining his master's life. Mary Shelley tells us that we can’t control nature and that we’re not God. If you think about the monster, you see that he only doesn’t want to be alone, and that’s why he’s evil… and if you interpretate the novel like this it’s hard to answer the question: “Who’s the evil one?”.

Comparison between book and film

Perhaps the most famous film of those inspired by Mary Shelley's novel is the Frankenstein Junior parody, released in American movies in 1974. It was shot by Mel Brooks. He was shot in black and white to resume the aesthetics of the movies of 1930's. Many of the things that are commonly associated with the story of Frankenstein and his monster are not present in Shelley's novel, but have entered the common imagination thanks to the influence of the Frankenstein film of 1931.

Mary Shelley, for example, does not write that Frankenstein gives life to his monster directly with electricity, even though she mentions the intervention of science, the lightning on an oak tree. In addition, the new role of the crazy scientist's assistant has been added, which in my view added a bit of irony to a prevalently sad and terrifying story. Moreover also the big head with wide forehead and nails in the neck are not present in the Shelley's novel but they were introduced to give the monster the idea of the DIY monster. Other important differences between the film and the novel are the cause of monster cruelty and the end of the story. For Shelley, the monster becomes wicked because of the injustices suffered, while in the film the blame is the assistant, which supplies Frankenstein with an imperfect brain. In addition, the film is happy ending - Frankenstein finds his family - while the novel no. There is also to be said that Frankenstein's monster in Shelley's book was sensitive, capable of speaking properly, developing complex plans, and consciously committing atrocities. In contrast, the movie monster of 1931 is like a child, unable to talk except with grunts incomprehensible, and as a child gets angry for anything.

There are no crude and bloody scenes, but there are mainly thoughts and reflections on the relationship between life and death, parent-child relationship, affect and ethics. I have to admit that I was expecting anything else, experiments, blood, action, but I found in my hand a deep and intense book that did not shake me, but a sincere emotion, and so many reflections.

THEMES

Education, rudeness, respect, adversity, are all terms that we know, belong to us, and are part of others, contributing in some way to the formation of all of us. Charlie's first year of high school is a life-changer. After being introduced to drugs and alcohol, meeting some of the best friends he may ever have and discovering some dark secrets, Charlie is definitely about to grow up.

Charlie finds himself battling some pretty dark moments of depression, and he might not have found his way out without his friends. If he remained isolated and alone, he wouldn't have had all those fights, break-ups, and other depression-inducing incidents. He's not always the most supportive companion, but he does what he can; this is what I call true friendship.

Drugs play an important role in the plot as in the lives of most young people. I personally find the drugs and the alcohol of adolescent mistakes that we only commit to feeling in a group or superior to someone. The consequences? Not so great.

The love between friends, between family members, and between a teenager and his first big crush. Feelings, and how to express them, are confusing for anyone, but Charlie has an exceptionally difficult time with it. Love is the most beautiful and truest feeling that human beings can experience and is magically represented in the book through the sincere letters of the protagonist to his friend and in the movie by the looks.

my feelings

I admit to seeing the film before and then reading the book We are infinite, nevertheless, I found both extraordinary for the development. We all definitely felt like Charlie. That boy who was always sitting on his own and tightened the books to himselves as if they had a magical power. That boy who did not have friends but only knowledge, the nerd that focused on a page, striving to ignore everything else, the whole world. That boy never denied himself to appear in the world and I like that deep feeling. I particularly liked the end in which we really find out what happened to this guy so "out of the world", this guy who never thinks of what he wants and needs, but he thinks only of others, his goal is not disturbing people around him and trying to make him feel good. Charlie feels alive only when he is with his two friends Patrick and Sam, when they are not alone he feels alone and he does not know what to do, he goes into crisis and thinks and thinks, not really getting to a goal.

"The perks of being a wallflower is certainly not a superficial book"
"We accept the love we believe to deserve"
"You look at things from afar and understand. Do not show them"
"So, this is my life. And I want you to know that I am both sad and happy and I am still trying to figure out how that could be."

film vs book

In the book we can only see Charlie's point of view and we feel almost imprisoned in his head, but in the film he always plays the main role, but we can observe more directly how to deal with different situations and how it interacts with others. Also different is the weight that the director gives to the role of the family, which is much more neglected in the film. Afterwords Charlie talks about Bill’s teachings in the book, but in the movie, we get to see Bill as a more multi-faceted person. To be honest the book seemed to me a lot more reflective than the film, which gave me more freedom of mind thanks to the voices and the looks of the actors and above all I loved the music and soundtracks that in my opinion improve any story. The novel is structured as a series of letters to an anonymous person labeled “friend” who Charlie is somewhat aware of but doesn’t really know, I found this very original initiative to tackle these issues. Furthermore the movie slowly comes to a close when things get really intense between Sam and Charlie, and they are about to have sex, and then he see Aunt Helen. Likewise the movie ends with Charlie narrating the final pages of the book to link to the book, something that I found very pretty.

"Viewers will be able to relate to that moment when they feel young – better yet, infinite."

curiosity

WALLFLOWER:

  • a person who because of shyness, unpopularity, or lack of a partner, remains at the side at a party or dance.
  • any person that remains on or has been forced to the sidelines of any activity
  • a person who see things and keep quiet about them and understand

Credits:

Created with images by congerdesign - "book book gift by heart" • congerdesign - "rose book poetry" • fun in photo's - "DSC06720" • WeAppU - "skull and crossbones skull bone church"

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