8 poetry techniques By lEo pugh

RHYME-when similar sounded words are repeated at the end of lines and poems. For example, "baa baa black sheep, have you any wool?, yes sir yes sir, three bags full.

IRONY-when words are used in a sarcastic or humorous way, implying the opposite of what they mean. For example, "don't go overboard with gratitude" where someone feels that a person has not shown enough gratitude.

ALLITERATION-the use of the same sound or letter at the beginning of several words together, e.g. "Cows can't chew chocolate".

PERSONIFICATION-The use of human characteristics to describe an object or idea. For example "the trees are dancing in the wind".

ONOMATOPOEIA-the use of a word that sounds like the noise it's describing, e.g. 'BANG' and 'BUZZ'

RYTHM-a repetitive beat or strong pattern of word, e.g. "Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary..."-Edgar Allen Poe "The Raven"

SIMILE-a phrase showing the similarities between two things. For example, "as white as snow".

REPITITION-the use of words multiple times for a particular effect. For example "how much wood could a woodchuck chuck if a woodchuck could chuck wood?".

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