What is forestry industry?
Forestry is the science and craft of creating, caring for forests, and repairing forest. it is an important economic part in various industrial countries. Forests are a valuable resource providing food, shelter, wildlife habitat, fuel, and daily supplies such as medicinal ingredients and paper. Forests play an important role in balancing the Earth's CO2 supply and exchange, acting as a key link between the atmosphere, geosphere, and hydrosphere.
WHAT DOES IT PRODUCE/MAKE?
A forest product is any product or material delivery from a forestry for direct consumption such as lumber, paper, wood, and forage for livestock. Wood is use for many purposes, such as wood fuel to form a firewood, wood is use to make buildings and houses, wood pulp, that is used in the production of paper. The majority of forestry employees are found in Quebec, British Columbia and Ontario. As of 2011, Canada contributed 10 percent of the world's sawnwood, 10 percent of the pulp for paper, 9 percent of the industrial roundwood, 4 percent of the wood-based panels and 3 percent of the paper and paperboard.
The forestry and forest products industry is focused on wood and its uses. Wood is used to build houses, furniture, flooring, shipping containers, and many other products. Forest products also include wood pulp, which is used in making paper. Wood used to make commercial products is referred to as lumber.
HOW MUCH MONEY DOES IT GIVE TO CANADA ECONOMY?
The Canadian forestry industry is a export-oriented manufacturing sector accounting for almost 7% of all Canadian exports in 2015 ($32.7 billion). Canada is the world's largest producer of newsprint and the second largest producer of softwood lumber. In recent years traditional and other forest products have contributed 8% to 10% of Canada’s manufacturing gross domestic product (GDP). The forest sector contributes favorably to Canada’s trade balance. In 2015, the forest sector balance of trade stood at $21.5 billion, compared to a negative balance for the economy as a whole.
Non-traditional forest products have become more important to the sector and provide clean-tech development opportunities. Expanding product markets include biogas or energy that can substitute for fossil fuels and biochemicals that can be used to produce biodegradable plastics and industrial chemicals. Forestry and the forest products industry employs more than 900,000 workers in a wide range of jobs in 47 states.
HOW LARGE IS THE INDUSTRY?
About 38 per cent of Canada’s land area is forested, or about 3.4 million out of 9.1 million km2. Forests cover 40% of the Canadian landscape. While our forests may seem like an endless renewable resource, industrial activities have impacted many of these landscapes, especially our southern, more bio diverse, and productive forests. How and where these activities are carried out have an important impact on the future health of our forests, and the human and wildlife communities they support. The United States is one of the most competitive and highest volume wood products in the world.
WHAT PRODUCTS DO THEY MAKE TO SELL?
The pulp and paper sector is significant to the British Columbia economy with total pulp and paper exports representing approximately 46 per cent of the total value of B.C. forest products exports in 2009. Pulp and paper exports totaled $3.5 billion in 2009, 14 per cent of all provincial exports. They make so many things to sell like paper supply, toilet rolls, tissue papers, cardboards, and furniture stuff like chairs, beds, tables, stools, cabinets, and many more.
WHERE DO THEY SEND PRODUCTS?
The recent recession affected demand for solid wood products within Canada. However, Canada’s housing construction market has fared much better than that of many other countries, and is expected to remain an important source of demand for Canada’s forest sector. The U.S. remains the most important market for Canada’s forest sector despite the impact of the housing market collapse and economic downturn in that country.
China’s demand for Canadian pulp has also been growing steadily since 2000, and now makes up 34% of total Canadian pulp exports. Japan is an important market for Canada. It is a significant consumer of high value wood products and of structural lumber for use in housing. Japanese demand for Canada’s products has weakened in recent years as a result of stagnant population growth and economy.
HOW MANY PEOPLE WORK IN INDUSTRY?
In 2009, 238,200 people were directly employed in the forest industry. Since the collapse of the U.S. housing market, the Quebec forestry sector has been confronted with many challenges. The Quebec forest industry generates more than 67,999 direct jobs, but has lost nearly 14,420 jobs, or 30.2%, since the crisis began.
Trade with other countries
British Columbia is the world’s largest exporter of softwood lumber, and our forestry sector has well-established connections to major markets in the United States, China, Japan, South Korea, and Europe. The United States has a long history of buying forest products from British Columbia. In recent years, other global markets have become increasingly important. There is demand for both traditional commodity products from our large integrated producers as well as value-added products from small and medium-sized firms.
ISSUES and solutions IN CANADIAN FORESTRY INDUSTRY
The strong negative consequences for people and ecological systems resulting from a rise in global average temperature beyond 2°C is accepted by nations around the world. To avoid such warming, large reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases that we produce – carbon dioxide and others – must be made quickly. Canada’s forests can contribute to that critically important objective.
Many products made from trees stay in use for decades. When a product is removed from use it does not mean that its carbon is re-emitted. It may be recycled or repurposed before it is disposed to landfills or combusted for energy. The longer a product is in use, and the slower it decomposes after use, the longer its carbon remains stored and out of the atmosphere, helping to mitigate climate change. When post-use wood products are combusted to produce energy, they can replace energy from fossil fuels, avoiding the addition of carbon to Earth’s carbon cycle.
Forests have deep cultural, social and economic significance to Canadians and their importance is growing because the carbon they store mitigates climate change. At the same time they provide a sustainable supply of raw materials for products with lower carbon footprints than their alternatives, thus aiding the transition to a low-carbon economy. Exporting Canadian forest products to countries that do not have extensive forests can help reduce their national greenhouse gas emissions by displacing more energy intensive materials.
1. Canada has 347 million hectares of forest land.
2. By value, Canada is the world’s leading exporter of softwood lumber and newsprint.
3. Less than 0.3% of Canada’s forests are harvested annually.
4. Less than 0.02% of Canada’s forests are deforested each year.
5. Canada has the third largest forest area in the world.