Archie was the first true search engine. Created in 1987 by students at McGill University School of Computer Science, Archie was the first of its kind. It did not originally come with the ability to search the world wide web. It was originally just a collection of databases you could search from. It is still active today, although it isn't very user friendly.
April 1994, Yahoo! Search was released. Created by David Filo and Jerry Yang, originally it was just made to be a collection of popular web pages but when they started to get a lot more traffic and their popularity rose, it was transformed in to a searchable directory that web pages could add to for a price (unless it was informational). Each URL was man made and custom to the web page. Yahoo! didn't have a true search engine until 2002 when they had a large collection of data bases but by then their information was outdated. Today Yahoo! is dying and no comeback is prevalent.