Art Movement: Fauvism
Dates: 1899 - 1908
Key Artists: Henri Matisse, Maurice de Vlaminck, André Derain, Kees van Dongen
Fauvism had a radical goal of separating color from details. You could use color instead to project a mood out of the painting and into the viewer. This made it so the paintings didn't have to be connected to the outside and natural world. It valued individual expression and really expressed the flatness of a canvas and the role of a single element.
Quote: "The chief function of color should be to serve expression as well as possible. I put down my tones without a preconceived plan. If at first, and perhaps without my having been conscious of it, one tone has particularly seduced or caught me."
Henri Matisse, from "Notes of a Painter"
Artists: Henri Matisse & André Derain
Born: December 31, 1869 in Le Cateau-Cambresis, Picardy, France
Died: November 3, 1954 in Nice, France
Henri Matisse was born in Le Cateau-Cambresis, Picardy, France to middle class working parents. He moved to Paris to study law, but he soon returned after finding out that the job was tedious and brought anxiety. He left for Paris again in 1891 to then study art, where he ended up FAILING the entrance exams and ended up at a studio run by Gustave Moreau. In the summer of 1905 he was in the city of Collioure. In 1930 he went to the city of Tihiti, and then to America three times in three years. He commissioned a mural in Philadelphia, which he completed in 1933. He then spent the majority of the rest of his life in the city of Nice, France.
Matisse painted for much of his life, and then when he was confined to a wheelchair he moved to a form of art using paper cutouts. He also did some sculpture as well.
Born: June 17, 1880 in Chatou, France
Died: September 8, 1954 in Garches, France
Derain was born in a suburb of of Chatou. He grew up in the middle class as his father was a pastry chef. He received a traditional education in Le Vesinet. From there he bounced around several schools in Paris. Derain did not like his formal education times in Paris, calling them some of his darkest times. He instead began to work at a studio in Paris, where he met Maurice de Vlaminck, and the two became fast friends. In 1905 he went to help Matisse in Collioure. In 1913 he moved to the city of Montmartre. In the 1930s he lived in an apartment in Paris. He also had a home with his wife in Chambourcy.
André Derain painted for most of his life, but he did have ties to the Nazi propaganda machine during World War II
The Houses of Parliament (1905-06)
ARTISTS THEY HAVE INFLUENCED:
Artist: André Derain
A. People influenced through his work
1. Maurice de Vlaminck
2. Giorgio de Chirico
3. Wassily Kandinsky
B1. Friends who influenced him
1. Pablo Picasso
2. Henri Matisse
3. Paul Cézanne
B2. Friends he influenced
1. Guillaume Apollinaire
2. Ambroise Vollard
3. Alfred H. Barr, Jr.
C. Movements he influenced