Nehru was born into an affluent family in Allahabad on November 14, 1889
He was tutored at home until he was 15 years old, subsequently attending the Harrow School in London, and later attending Trinity College. After studying law, he returned to India at the age of 22, where he practiced law with his father. In 1916, Nehru married 17-year-old Kamala Kaul. They had one daughter named Indira.
Introduction to politics
In 1919, Nehru was traveling on a train when he overheard General Reginald Dyer gloating over the Amritsar Massacre, an incident in which 379 innocent Sihks were murdered for civil disobedience. Upon hearing Dyer's words, Nehru vowed to fight the British. In this period in Indian history, there were many occurances of Nationalist activity and governmental repression. Nehru joined the Indian National Congress, one of India's major political parties. The congress worked to modernize India. Nehru promoted economic growth and social change. Under Nehru, food output rose but so did India's population.
Nehru looked up to Gandhi who was his mentor
"The service of India means the service of the millions who suffer. It means the ending of poverty and ignorance and disease and inequality of opportunity." -Jawaharlal Nehru August 14, 1947 "The Voice of Freedom"
Significant events during rule and Beliefs
- Nehru was Chosen by Gandhi to be president of the Congress session at Lahore until he died as the Prime Minister. He was the first prime minister of a newsly independent India.
- His central political issue was independence, and his central economic issue was fighting poverty.
- Nehru didn't believe in the caste system, nor in communism. He thought that communism exploited freedom. He believed in socialism and giving everyone equal rights.
- Nehru was fond of the Labor Party, and the Soviet Model, particularly the five-year plans.
- During the World War II, Nehru demanded for full independence for India after the war. He also demanded inclusion of Indians in the central government so that they share power and responsibility, but the British did not succumb to him. He, along with Gandhi, participated in a civil disobedience and was jailed for the same.
- In 1947, as India celebrated because of the separation of British from the Indian land, it suffered the pain of partition, as the British had decided to partition the country into two nations, India and Pakistan.
- Ridded of the caste system in India.
- Women were given "equal staus, equal responsibilities, and equal opportunities."
Nehru got rid of the caste system, making social classes irrelivant. This angered the people in the higher classes because they liked being on the top of society. Also, women were given more rights and they stood shoulder to shoulder with men, and were even able to direct the national movement. Some men may have not liked this because they liked having all of the power and control over the women. The Kashmir problem could have been resolved if Nehru was able to make decisions and abide by them. Kashmir continues to be a troubled state all due to Nehru's indecisiveness. He took the Kashmir problem to the United Nations even though deputy Prime Minister Sardar Patel was sure of solving the problem. The UN came to a resolution eight months later, but India and Pakistan did not agree and kept fighting.