Riley's Non-Fiction Book A book about psychology, big ideas simply explained

My book is split up into multiple different ideas simply explained. To demonstrate my learnings from this book, I chose my top 3 favourite ideas.

At number three on my list...

"That great god-given maze that is our human world." This idea was created and studied by the philosopher Edward Tolman, who is was from Newton, Massachusetts. This one I found very interesting, and I could see how this could be true. Edward Tolman used rats to confirm his findings. In the end, he found that humans create a map, or cognitive map in their heads about the environment around them, and they will use this map to help them achieve certain goals. For one of his experiments, personally my favourite, he took three different rats and put them into the same maze, let them create a cognitive map, and then took them out, gave one a reward, and the others not. He did the same the next day, but gave two of the rats a reward, one also got the reward the day before, and finally he did it a third time, and gave a reward (treat/food) to each one. The next day he put them in the maze, and the rats had to get out. The second and third treat rats got out the quickest because they build the cognitive map over the two-three days, which the first rat did not have. Interesting experiment and interesting outcome is what put that one at three on my list.

At number two on my list...

" 24 hours after learning something you forget 2/3 of it." I liked this one because I could relate to it, and I have had first hand experience of it happening. There was 6 main facts/things they found out through their studies that related to 24 hours after learning something we forget ⅔ of it. The first was, “...forgetting is the most rapid within the first nine hours.” Second, “...items forgotten can be relearned faster than new ones for the first time.” Third, “...material studied beyond mastery (over learned), is remembered longer and has less of a chance of being forgotten.” Fourth, “...meaningful things are remembered for about ten times longer than random meaningless things.” This is relevant though. A meaningful thing is different for everyone. Fifth, “...items toward the beginning and of a serious are most remembered easier.” Sixth, “...repeated learning session over a longer interval of time improves memory retention on any subjects.” All these facts were found out through studies that looked into the brain during studying/retaining information, mostly through students.

And, at number one on my list...

"Anyone, regardless of their nature, can be taught to do anything." John B. Watson was the scientist to do these studies, and his goal was to find out if people could be trained to do anything. The main study he did was take a baby named Little Albert, put him on a bed, and introduce him to multiple different animals. His reaction to the animals was very calm, and sometimes he even reached out to touch them. After that, they would show the same animals, but accompany them with a loud noise. He became very agitated with the loud noise, and they gradually kept doing it on a weekly schedule. One day they brought the same animals in, but accompanied it without the noise, and since Little Albert was used to the loud noise with the animal, he became agitated with the animal, even without the loud noise. Through a couple other studies, he found the three main human emotions that allow us to be trained to do anything, are fear, rage and love. If someone of knowledge, or someone that knows what they are doing uses these three emotions to teach someone to be anything, it will work more effectively than without. These three emotions interested me, and this is what sticked into my head the most.

What did I learn from this book? I learned a lot of separate little facts that I found interesting. These facts could be helpful in the future, and I could use them to help me make more sense of something if I don't get it. There was some facts through my reading that I did not find helpful.

What would I rate the book? Would I recommend it? I would rate it a 6.5/10 because 65% of it I found useful. Since it is almost like a dictionary as in every 3 pages are reserved for a different idea, it was sometimes hard to follow. I probably wouldn't recommend this book to someone unless the really like psychology, or can easily follow a book that ideas change every 3 seconds.

This is been my summary on "The Psychology Book, Big Idea's Simply Explained". I have gone through my top 3 favourite ideas, and why they are my favourite. Hope it was enjoyed!


Created with images by peachesh - "three" • renaissancechambara - "Two" • Elsie esq. - "One"

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