How has the Constitution created a "more perfect union"?
After the colonists broke off from Britain, and "declared their independence," the colonists needed a government. Their first attempt was a really loose, and basically broke government. This was called the Articles of Confederation. They had this kind of government because they didn't want to follow the strict government of Britain that they had before. Once they realized that the Articles of Confederation failed. The colonists made the Constitution which proposed a better, stronger government, with more control, and most importantly more money. This new government has three branches all with equal power. The legislative branch who makes laws, the executive branch which executes laws, and a judicial branch which interprets laws.
The legislative branch is basically Congress. Congress is the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House of Representatives is made with people that represent their state based on the state's population while the Senate is elected 2 per state. So, in the House of Representatives, states with more people had more representatives. The "representatives" in the House of Representatives each have a 2 year term, and in order for them to get appointed they have to have an age of 25 and they have to have a 7 year citizenship. The elected Senate members have a 6 year term, an age requirement of 30, and have to have a citizenship of 9 years. Together as one Legislative Branch, they make laws, appropriate funds for laws and programs, approve treaties, and executive appointments, and establishes federal courts.
Article II makes the executive branch. The executive branch carries out or executes the laws. The President (Chief executive) serves the four year term and may be reelected once. The President carries out the laws made by congress. They also have the power to negotiate treaties and appoint federal judges and other top officials. The President must be at least 35 years old and must be a natural American born citizen. The electors at the electoral college elect the president and the majority wins.
The judicial branch’s main purpose is to protect the Constitution and interpret the laws. It is the part of government consisting of the Supreme Court and lower federal courts that interprets the laws. There are two types of lower federal court systems, district and appellate courts. The last stop in the judicial system is the Supreme Court. All of the justices decisions are final and they are binding on all lower courts. Although the constitution does not specify the sizes of the Supreme Court, the congress has set the size at nine members. Once appointed, the justices usually stay on the court for life.
Checks and Balances Between the Branches
There are three branches in government. legislative, executive, and judicial branch. The government decided that if these branches were just left as they were they would try to dominate each other, so they established this system. The legislative branch makes laws and the executive branch executes laws. The executive branch and reject the laws and in turn the legislative branch can override the "rejection." Next, the executive branch can nominate Supreme Court Justices to the Judicial branch and the judicial branch can reject the treaties that are unconstitutional. Then, the judicial branch can reject laws from the legislative branch that are unconstitutional, and the legislative branch approves the appointments of Supreme Court Justices in the judicial branch.
The Amendment Process
The framers knew that changes would be made to the Constitution, so the framers made it possible to change the Constitution. Although changing the Constitution was possible, it was extremely difficult. Article V states that changes, which are called amendments, could be changed. There were two ways in which changes could be made. One was, Congress may propose an amendment by a vote of at least two-thirds of each house of Congress. Another way was, Congress could call a national convention at the request of at least two-thirds of the legislatures, and may present an amendment. This shows that the Congress or the states can start the process of amendment into the Congress. Presenting an amendment is only the first step. The amendment has to be approved before it can be part of the Constitution. The Constitution gives two ways to approve an amendment. One way is the amendment gets approved by the legislatures in at least three-fourths of the states. Another way is it may be approved be special conventions in at least three-fourths of the states. After the amendment is approved, it is officially part of the Constitution. Many amendments have been made to the Constitution such as making slavery illegal.