Supreme Court Cases Alexis Robinson 1st

Mapp vs. Ohio

  • The parties involved were Dollree Mapp with her attorney, and the police officers that searched her house

Dollree Mapp lived in Ohio and one day the police wanted to search her house with out a warrant, she was handcuffed for being difficult and not wanting the police to enter her house and the police arrested her because of pictures they found in her basement. In her first trial they found her guilty but the actions of the police were illegal and the illegal evidence could be used against her and this goes against the 4th Amendment. Soon after she appealed her case to the Supreme Court of the United States.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of Mapp the majority opinion was made because the police officers actions strictly went against the 4th Amendment.

Majority opinion

  • Clark
  • Warren
  • Black
  • Douglas
  • Brennan

Dissent OPINION

  • Harlan
  • Frankfurter
  • Whittaker

New Jersey vs. T.L.O

  • The parties involved were a 14 year old student and her supervisors at a New Jersey High School.

A teacher at a New Jersey High School found 14 year old TLO, a freshman, smoking on school grounds. The teacher took her to the vice principals office where TLO was questioned, she was forced to hand over her purse and the vice principal found the cigarettes. Unfortunately he continued to search through her bag and found more severe drugs, TLO was driven voluntarily by her mother to the police station where she was expelled from school and fined $1000.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of TLO, due to the fact the vice principal was breaking the law of the 4th Amendment.

Majority Opinion

  • White
  • Burger
  • Powell
  • Rehnquist
  • O'Connor

Dissent Opinion

  • Stevens
  • Marshall
  • Brennan

Texas vs. Johnson

  • The two parties in golfed in this case are Johnson and the state of Texas.

Johnson was protesting in the streets of Dallas, Texas when he was handed a flag. He poured kerosene on it and set it on fire while making rude comments about America such as, "America, the red, hits, and blue, we spit on you, you stand for plunder, you will go under." And much more. No one was hurt but many people witnessed the flag burning and were offended. Johnson was charged with violating Texas law and was sentenced to prison for one year with a a $2000 fine.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in favor of Johnson, due to the fact that Texas can't punish him because of the First Amendment.

Majority opinion

  • Brennan
  • Marshall
  • Blackmun
  • Scalia
  • Kennedy

Dissent opinion

  • Rehnquist
  • White
  • O'Connor
  • Stevens

Miranda vs. Arizona

  • The two parties involved are Ernesto Miranda and the Phoenix police Department.

On March 13, 1963, Ernesto Miranda was arrested with circumstantial evidence linking him to the kidnapping and rape of an 18 year old women 10 years before hand. After interrogation Miranda signed a confession that included the typed statement, "I do nearby swear that I make this statement voluntarily and of my own free will, with no threats, coercion, or promises of immunity, and with full knowledge of my legal rights, understanding any statements I make may be used against me." But he was never read this right to counsel. He was sentenced to 20-30 years of prison, even though he confession was not fully voluntary.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in favor of Miranda due to the fact that the police did not enforce the law of the 5th and 6th Amendment.

Majority opinion

  • Warren
  • Black
  • Douglas
  • Brennan
  • Fortas

Dissent opinion

  • Harlan
  • Stewart
  • White
  • Clark

Gideon vs. Wainwright

  • The two parties involved were Clarence Earl Gideon and Louie L. Wainwright.

Between midnight and 8:00 am on June 3, 1961, a burglary occurred at the Bay Harbor Pool Room in Panama City, Florida. A unknown person broke a door, smashed a cigarette machine and a record player, they also stole money from a cash register. Later, a witness reported that they saw saw Gideon leaving the pool room at 5:30 am that morning with wine and money, the police arrested him. Gideon was at court alone because he was too poor to afford counsel, the Florida court declined to appoint counsel for Gideon and he was forced to act as his own counsel. He was sentenced to 5 years in prison, from the cell at Florida State Prison he made use of the library there and sent a letter to appeal to the United States Supreme Court against the Florida Department of Corrections who was run by Louie L. Wainwright.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of Gideon because the sixth and the fourteenth Amendment were violated.

Majority opinion

  • Black
  • Warren
  • Brennan
  • Stewart
  • White
  • Goldberg

Dissent opinion

  • Clark
  • Harlan
  • Douglas

Atkins vs. Virginia

  • The two parties involved in this case were Daryl Atkins and the state of Virginia.

At midnight on August 16, 1996 after a day of drinking and smoking, Daryl Atkins and his friend William Jones went to a convenience store and abducted a airman from the nearby Langley Air Force Base, they wanted money from him and the money in his wallet was not enough so they'd forced him to withdraw more from his account at a nearby ATM. They later killed him, the police found footage of them abducting him and brought them in, both men acoused the other of pulling the trigger on the airman but Atkins version of the story was sketchy. So the jury decided that Jones story was more realistic and reliable and ended up charging Atkins for capital murder. He was sentenced to death. But was later to be known as mentally unstable with a disorder.

  • The Supreme Court ruled 6-3 in favor of Atkins because executing people with intellectual disabilities is against the eighth amendment.

Majority Opinion

  • Stevens
  • O'Connor
  • Kennedy
  • Souter
  • Ginsburg
  • Breyer

Dissent opinion

  • Rehnquist
  • Scalia
  • Thomas

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