History of the EV
Electric vehicles, or EVs, have been around longer than most people think. The first successful electric automobile in the U.S. was built by William Morrison in 1891. Between 1899 and 1900, EVs outsold any other type of car; 28 percent of all cars produced in the U.S. in 1900 were electric. EVs even had some perks compared to their internal combustion counterparts. They were more quiet, not as smelly and didn't vibrate as much as gas-powered cars. However, when Henry Ford implemented his revolutionary assembly line, he began mass producing combustion engines, which made gas-powered cars much cheaper than electric ones. By 1935, EVs in the U.S. basically vanished.
It wasn't until the 1960s and 1970s that people began looking to EVs again. Rising concerns about pollution and rising fuel prices led consumers to search for alternatives to gas-powered vehicles. In 1976, the U.S. government put the Electric and Hybrid Vehicle Research Development and Demonstration Act in place to research and develop electric and hybrid vehicles. In the 1970s, two companies took the lead in the EV industry, Sebring-Vanguard and Elcar Corporation. Sebring-Vanguard produced over 2,000 "Citicars" throughout the 1970s, which made it the most produced American electric car until the Tesla Roadster in 2011. Elcar produced, you guessed it, the "Elcar." Unfortunately, the Elcar was not nearly as successful as the Citicar. More electric cars were produced in the 70s; however, not many sold as a result of limited range, speed and style. EV popularity once again died down in the 1980s.
EVs & Society
Because electric vehicles utilize technology that produces zero-emissions, society will be able to breathe healthier air and future generations will not have the burden of relying on fossil fuels.
It is not hard to figure out the many benefits of electric vehicles becoming readily available in not only U.S. markets but also the rest of the world. The biggest benefit is obviously the decrease in air pollution. Air quality is a huge issue as the majority of big cities in the U.S. suffer from smog and acid rain. With people opting to drive electric vehicles instead of gas-powered ones, the levels of air pollution will slowly but surely begin decreasing because EVs don't have any emissions. According to Sherry Boschert, author of Plug-in Hybrids: The Cars that Will Recharge America, with more and more electric cars on the road, smog-forming pollutants produced by cars will be reduced anywhere form 32 to 99 percent. And even though EVs are produced in coal-burning plants, they reduce CO2 emissions by up to 22 percent when compared to gas-powered cars, according to Newsmax.com. With air pollution levels going down, people in these large cities will be able to breathe healthier air. Furthermore, whether it be 50 years or 500 years, fossil fuels will eventually run out. Therefore, we must find ways to be able to power society's forms of transportation. EV technology is at the forefront of alternative power as it is becoming more technologically advanced and cheaper than ever before. With EVs starting to become mass produced by several automotive manufactures, such as Nissan and Chevrolet, future generations will not be forced to rely on fossil fuels and will be able to focus on finding alternative power sources. With air quality rising and other forms of powering our vehicles becoming available, society will soon reap the benefits of EV technology.