Neonatal Tetanus is a bacterial infection and type of tetanus that occurs when there is an infection of the umbilical stump. It's usually infected by a non-sterile instrument. Furthermore, Neonatal Tetanus mostly occurs in developing countries. It causes stiffness of the muscles, babies to stop feeding, and muscle spasms.
Neonatal Tetanus - Then
800,000 deaths/ year. 99.4% mortality rate.
Neonatal Tetanus - Now
5,500 deaths/ year (6.7 deaths/1,000 births). 70%-100% mortality rate.
How it effects anatomy and physiology
In Neonatal Tetanus, babies' muscles become stiff. This is because there is no AChe to relax the muscles after contraction. Fever, drooling, and lack of interest of eating are also symptoms.
Tetanus Toxoid is the vaccine used to immunize mothers (that pass it on to their baby) to neonatal tetanus. It is a live vaccine, however it is a detoxified version of the poison that causes the disease.
Neonatal Tetanus is a big problem in developing countries. Due to the uncleanliness of some hospitals in these countries, there is a bigger risk for Neonatal Teanus in babies. A way to prevent this is to send the WHO or some worldwide agency to send and administer immunization shots to pregnant women.