Boom to Bust By: Anthony lemma

Home life

A poor family is standing outside their house.

Families moved out of their houses and into run-down shacks.

Many families could not afford to pay to live in their houses, so many moved into shacks in "Hoovervilles." The shacks they moved into were made from pieces of metal and wood that they could find, and they were falling apart.

She is sitting with her family in a run-down "house"

Husbands often left their wives and families because they could not afford to take care of them.

Women were responsible for everything in the house, throughout this entire era. However, in the 1930’s, many husbands left their wives, so women were forced to take care of their children by themselves. They were often helpless and in complete despair.

This farm was abandoned by its owner.

Farmers in the great plains usually left their farms because of dust storms.

The Dust Bowl forced many people to abandon their land. One-quarter of the population put all their belongings into their cars, and migrated west toward California. Their home life was changed forever.

The farm owners are having an evacuation sale.

Farmers lost their farms due to overproduction

Farmers started overproducing crops during the war. And after the war they had a surplus of them. So the prices of the crops went lower and lower until the farmers didn't have enough money to stay on their farms.

Leisure Time

Family listening to radio

Families could no longer afford to do things that required a lot of money.

After the stock market crash, people no longer had money to enjoy an evening out doing things like dancing and going to the movies.

People rush to get into the movies.

People went to the movies so they didn't have to think about the depression.

But many still used cinema and art to escape the problems in their lives. Many still went to the movies, and listened to music and dance.

There were separate water fountains for Whites and Blacks.

Blacks did not have some of the same rights as whites because of the color of their skin.

Blacks were unable to do much, since their unemployment rate was 2-3 times higher than whites. African Americans received less financial aid than whites, and they were often turned away from soup kitchens.

Mexicans being deported.

Many Mexicans were asked to leave the country, and some had to be forcefully removed.

Mexicans feared being deported, and people became even more hostile toward them because of the high unemployment rate. Some were tricked into going back to Mexico.

Economy

The sign says the farm is for sale

Many people had to leave their farms.

Agriculture was not as productive as other industries in the 1920s. There was less demand for farm products, and many farmers lost their farms to foreclosure.

Cloud of dust over small town of farmers.

Dust storms and droughts made people leave their farms.

Many farmers were forced to abandon their land because of severe drought and dust storms.

White and Black sharecroppers.

White people were taking jobs mainly for blacks.

Many sharecroppers were forced off of plantations, so white men were taking jobs typically done by African Americans.

Homeless black people.

Many African Americans were unemployed.

In the 1930s, six out of ten African Americans lost their jobs.

Role of Government

FDR signs "New Deal."

The "New Deal" was not popular among some people.

FDR’s “New Deal” programs in the 30s such as the Social Security Act were not popular with business owners.

Many people formed a Labor Union.

Some people didn't like laws for Labor Unions.

Industrialists disliked laws which protected the rights of labor unions. The Fair Labor Standards Act was passed, which protected workers rights.

Lady cleaning her house.

Women would stay at home while their husbands worked.

Women’s rights from the 1920s went away during the Great Depression. People started to believe again that women belonged in the home, and they were stealing men’s jobs.

Eleanor Roosevelt.

Powerful female figures were fighting for women.

The goal of the government was to bring American men, not women, back to work. Eleanor Roosevelt helped women get appointed to government positions.

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