USAID Leo Li

Global Poverty

In the world, there are some examples about global poverty for children. In the 2008, 8.8 million children worldwide died before their 5th birthday. It is very significant for me. These children don’t have healthy food and clean water. They don’t have energy to work, and it’s easy to get diseases for children to affect their health. In addition, I’m so shocked that 101 million children are not attending primary school. They don’t have money to learn education and have to help their parents to work. It has a big influence on their future. It will be very hard to find formal jobs for illiteracy. Finally, 22 million infants aren’t protected from diseases by routine immunization. It’s also essential for me. It shows that 22 million infants cannot immunize some diseases and have high possibility to die. The average American thinks that the government spends about 25 percent on foreign aid.

Major problem

There are some major problems which affect a lot of people such as, water, food, nutrition, education, and jobs. Many poor people have to face to these major problems.

  1. Water is the most important for people. We have to drink clean water every day. Water will bring the big problem for people. According to some data, 3.5 million people die from water based illness. We know that we cannot live without water. These people don’t have clean water. It causes that they will get sick and they don’t have power to study. Parents will pay the extra cost for doctor and medicine.
  2. Food and nutrition are very necessary for us to gain the energy to work and study. People only eat yellow rice, black beans and bananas in the daily. These foods just supply one-third necessary calories. In order to increase their caloric, they try to change diet. Many people are lack of nutrition. It affects that they are less healthy and have weaker immune systems.
  3. Education is a very important issue. It has a big influence on kids’ future. If kids cannot get educated, they will have the language barriers which also affect some people to communicate with others. They will be harder to find the jobs without literacy. Many children are hard to get educated and get medical care.
  4. Jobs are essential for people to support their family. Most people are farmers or day laborers in Pena Blanca. They don’t have formal job and steady pay. As famers and day laborers, they will face some problems about language barriers and kids must work instead of going to school.
  5. Natural disasters will bring big problems for these poor people. Most poor people have a farm. Crops are the main source of income for them, but disasters can destroy many crops. They cannot earn money and get heavy losses.

US Foreign Assistance

US foreign assistance is aid given by the United State to other countries to support global peace, security and development efforts, and provide humanitarian relief during time of crisis. The first US foreign assistance program was after Word War2, and it was for assisting the continent in rebuilding its infrastructure. According to the research, 34 billion money spend foreign aid in 2017 and more than 100 countries receive foreign assistance from the US.

US planes to spend money on each of the major categories of foreign assistance to make the world peaceful. US spends 8.3 billion money on peace and security. 2.7 billion money is spent by the United State on democracy, human rights and governance. It takes US 1.1 billion money to give other countries on education and social services. US foreign assistance not only spends 9.3 billion money on the health, but also spends 1.3 billion dollars on environment. US spends 3.6 billion dollars on economic development and 6 billion on humanitarian assistance.

water and sanitation

Nearly 800 million people don’t have clean water and there are about 2.5 billion people who are lack of modern sanitation. These people might face to the risk of diseases. In addition, food production needs to consume of much water to grow up. Global population will increase from two to three billion over the 40 years. Therefore, people need more food and increase food demand 70 percent by 2050. From my perspective, water and sanitation is the most important issue for the US to help solve. Water is very close to our life. We always have to drink clean water every day and consume of much water to wash some food or other things. It has a big influence on our health. We will get easily some diseases and sick if we don’t have clean water and food. By showing these data, in addition, sanitation is also very essential issue. 2.5 billion people are lack of modern sanitation, and they might reduce their immune systems. It will cause that many serious diseases will invade their body and destroy their health. Maybe these people will infect to other people. Therefore, the U.S tries to deal with the issue of water and sanitation

USAID SOLUTION AND RESULTS

USAID hopes to improve in wash programs, and sound management and use of water for food security will save lives. USAID tries to expand clean water and sanitation to have better hygiene and fight preventable disease. In addition, USAID will improve the water productivity in agriculture and industry to boost output and save water resource. Also, USAID tries to improve the water management and reform governance and regulations to be equal and reduce competition. Finally, it will strengthen resilience and deal with disasters in order to help to adapt to a climate change. USAID has brought safe water and sanitation to more than 50 million people by assisting with governments and private firms. USAID helps 112676 smallholder farmers to adopt good agricultural to increase their efficiency on the yield and incomes. In Indonesia, furthermore, USAID helps people to increase the demand for service with government agencies, water utilities, water associations and organizations in 54 municipalities. In the FY 2013, we have reached 1163855 people with good water services and 77655 people with sanitation services.

Story

The story was from Bengaluru, India in 2015. Ruksana Begum just spent 8 cents getting full 20-liter water can for her family. The problem was that they didn’t have clean water that was black and dotted with worms. USAID built in a 50-square-foot area, and the water center opened from 6 o’clock in the morning to 8 o’clock at night to fill around 350 water cans per day. Each can could use 3 days to drink and cook for a-4-member family. Ruksana Begum just spent 8 cents getting full 20-liter water can for her family, and she was so happy to get these clean water. She took back a safer and healthier life for her children. More than 3.5 million people improved clean water and nearly 1.3 million people improved sanitation facilities.

my analysis

I think that it’s working on the USAID program. USAID helps some countries to improve their clean water and sanitation facilities.There are many relevant statistics to show that USAID works a lot and tries to deal with issue of water and sanitation. USAID is very effective for people, because they use many ways to solve the issue. We can see the data to show that the people who are lack of clean water and sanitation decrease. In my view, we should work together to help these people with USAID. We know that there are still many people need to have water and sanitation. No everyone knows the USAID. We should let people be aware of the importance of issues and let other people join the group to help these people who are lack of water and sanitation.

Reference

source

  • 1. "Clean water means life to these moms." USAID.gov. Retrieved from: https://www.usaid.gov/news-information/frontlines/may-june-2016/clean-water-means-life-these-indian-moms
  • 2. ForeignAssistance.gov. Retrieved from: http://beta.foreignassistance.gov/
  • 3."Global poverty." Living on one. Retrieved from: http://livingonone.org/changeseries/#.WE2rZZIrK1t
  • 4. "Water and sanitation." USAID.gov. Retrieved from: https://www.usaid.gov/what-we-do/water-and-sanitation

images

  • 1.https://cdn3.img.sputniknews.com/images/101459/69/1014596919.jpg (image of USAID)
  • 2.http://www.pakistankakhudahafiz.com/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/helpinghands1.jpg (image of global poverty)
  • 3. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-yVzh54OHLTc/UK-lUKRMhoI/AAAAAAAAAoQ/UGO21hQItIs/s320/poverty.png (image of major problems)
  • 4. http://www.lowvisiontechnologies.com/images/faflvpg30.jpg (image of US foreign assistance)
  • 5. http://wafavwc.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/01/wafavwc-Water.jpg ( image of water and sanitation)
  • 6. http://amycarlson.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/08/Screen-Shot-2016-08-30-at-10.13.59-AM.jpg (image of USAID solution and the results)
  • 7. https://cdn-images-1.medium.com/max/1200/1*o3DVckFuY-d4Dd1t2_uKlg.png (image of story)
  • 8. http://www.pakistankakhudahafiz.com/pkkhnew/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/Water.jpg (image of analysis)

Credits:

Created with images by US Army Africa - "USAID"

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