Coral Reefs Ryan SUmmerlin

What are Coral reefs?

  • Coral reefs are small marine animals that remain in one place throughout their adult lives, and produce a hard skeleton.
  • Coral reefs exhibit many shapes, sizes and colors. They can look like beautiful under water gardens.
  • Coral reefs grow in colonies that continue to enlarge year after year and other species live alone.
  • Coral reef are some of the most diverse ecosystems in the world.
  • Did you know coral reefs are ancient animals related to jellyfish and anemones.
  • Coral reefs are rocky mounds and or ridges formed in the sea by living things.

Where are Coral reefs found?

  1. Coral reefs live in all oceans of the world and can find them easily.
  2. Coral reefs can be found in tropical and subtropical oceans they can be found.
  3. Coral reefs are usually found in shallow areas at depth less than soft.
  4. Coral reefs are found in shallow water because they need sunlight.
  5. Coral reefs are beautiful and you can find them in Norway.
  6. Three great regions of Coral reefs development are Caribbean Sea, Red Sea and the Indo - pacific.

Reproduction for Coral reefs

  1. Coral reefs have multiple reproductive strategies- they can be male or female both.
  2. Coral reefs male or female or both can reproduce either asexually or sexually.
  3. Asexual reproduction for coral reefs results in polyps or colonies that are clones of each other.
  4. Coral reefs do differ from sea anemones in their production of a mineral skeleton.
  5. The family tree of animals we call corals is complicated and some groups are more closely related.
  6. Coral atolls are made from volcanic remains.

How far back to coral reefs go back in time?

  1. The worlds first coral reefs formed about 500 million years ago.
  2. Some reefs are even older than our old-growth redwood forests.

Are coral reefs dyeing out?

  1. Much of coral reefs rapid decline in ecosystem health is the direct or indirect result of human activities ties.
  2. Coral reefs are experiencing a rapid decline in ecosystem health in most location in which they thrived.
  3. Coral reefs have also been damaged by over fishing, disease, global climate change and ship grounding which is a result of human activities.
  4. Sea turtles need coral reefs with the only few of the thousand of creatures that rely on coral reefs for survival. If reefs are dying out so are other sea animals too.
  5. Many of the worlds coral reefs have already been destroyed or severely damaged by water pollution.

Why you need to visit coral reefs!

  1. Coral reefs palaces undersea are also the best places to visit if you want to experience marine life.
  2. Coral reefs are naturally colorful and beautiful to the human eye because of its algae.
  3. Coral reefs are a big tourist attraction. During season people like to dive directly into the reef.
  4. Coral reefs only grow about 150 deep into the ocean so that is a reason you can dive and take a look at them.
  5. Each different coral reef, as a community, creates an amazing shaped structure.
  6. Coral reefs are the largest structures on the Earth of biological origin.

Why coral reefs are important to the oceans and humans!

  1. Coral reefs help improve the surrounding water quality.
  2. Coral reefs have a lot of seawater animals that love around them. Fish, lobsters, clams and sponges are those seawater animals.
  3. Reefs also provide many valuable services to humans, food, shore line protection, and medicines are just only a few.
  4. Coral reefs housing tens of thousands of marine species. About one- third of all marine fish species live part of their lives on coral reefs.
  5. Even though the diversity of species living within coral reefs depends on the reef latitude and the direction of the water.
  6. Despite how important coral reefs are to life in the ocean, all of them in the world add up to less than one percent of the sea floor.

How corals reefs eat and make energy!

  1. Coral polyps feed at night. At night they come out of heir skeletons to feed, stretching their long, stinging tentacles to capture critter that are floating by.
  2. The algae live with in the coral polyps, using sunlight to make sugar for energy. This energy is transferred to the polyp.
  3. An individual coral is known as a polyp, a very small and simple organism consisting mostly of stomach topped by a tentacle-bearing mouth.
  4. The skeletal material are also called coral and can be either internal or external.
  5. Once a coral animal dies the skeleton there for remains.

Fun facts about coral reefs!

  1. Coral reefs take a very long time to grow. They take a rate of 2 cm a year.
  2. Soft corals have skeletons that are flexible and can bend with the water.
  3. There are over two-thousand kinds of species of corals and about 600 species are the hard corals that build coral reefs.
  4. In the recent year scientists have discovered cold water coral reefs off the coast of Norway and deep underwater in the Mediterranean Sea.
  5. Coral reefs are often called "the rainforest of the sea".
  6. Soft coral like sea fans and sea whips may be apart of coral reefs, but they are not builders.

Works Cited

"Basic Facts About Coral Reefs." Defenders of Wildlife. 16 Sept. 2014. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Coral." Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, 3 Feb. 2017. Web. 28 Apr. 2017.

"Coral Reef Biome Facts." Math. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Coral Reef Facts." Coral Reef Facts and Information. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Coral Reef Facts." Coral Reef Facts and Information. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"Just Fun Facts." Fun and Interesting Site. 01 Jan. 1969. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

"OLogy." AMNH. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. "What Species Live in and around Coral Reefs?" NOAA's National Ocean Service. 01 June 2013. Web. 20 Apr. 2017.

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