Inventions of the Industrial Revolution

The Steam Powered Engine

This engine was created by James Watt and was 3x more productive than other engines used to pump out water from coal mines at the time. James Wall later added a component to this engine that allowed it to spin cotton. The cotton industry exploded and used these machines across Britain to spin cotton more efficiently. Britain went from importing 2.5 million pounds of raw cotton a year to 22 million pounds as a result of this more efficient spinning process. British cotton products were sold all over the globe.

The Steam Powered Locomotive

The invention of the steam powered Locomotive by Richard Trevithick opened the door for faster and efficient locomotives. Soon after this invention, better engines emerged and eventually, locomotives traveled from 5 miles per hour, during the times of Trevithick's engine, to 50 miles per hour within 20 years. This railroad system in America led to extensive trade opportunities across the nation.

The Light Bulb

The discovery and manipulation of electricity led to numerous inventions. One example is the light bulb, which was created by Thomas Edison. The light bulb allows electricity to create light that is contained, in order to prevent an open flame, and is portable. This bulb allowed things to now be done at night. Factories now had light bulbs so the workers could see after the sun went down; this led to night shifts forming. Light bulbs are even used today in most houses and all streets of America.

The Telophone

The Telophone, created by Alexander Graham Bell, was one of the most influential inventions of the industrial revolution. It allowed people to communicate instantaneously from large distances away from each other. This invention is important because even today we still use these devices to commmunicate with someone out of sight in an instant. The Telophone worked by sending electrical pulses through wires, which are your voice, that come out as sound when they reach the other end.

The Mass a Production of the Automobile

After the internal combustion engine was created, the automobile was invented and mass produced by a man named Henry Ford. In the beginning of automobiles, each car was extremely expensive and only the wealth could buy one, but after Henry Ford mass produced the Model T with a new station line tactic, the price dropped and now more and more people were buying cars and using them to get around faster than ever. Although Henry Ford did not create the automobile, he made them more efficient to make by inventing the station line, where factory workers would each put on a part of the car and pass along to piece.

The Fixed-Wing Glider

The fixed-wing glider was invented and tested by the Wright brothers at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. This invention eventually led engineers to put engines on these gliders and gradually invent the modern airplane. This is important to our society because without the airplane, were could not travel overseas quickly or efficiently. The fixed-wing glider was a device made of wood and canvas that flew with the wind. The major accomplishment of this invention was the discovery of the correct angle the wings needed to be to generate lift.

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