African Americans were allowed to sit on the bus but in the back where their section started. The bus was separated into the whites' section and the African Americans' section. But if there was a white person who needed a spot to sit, the African Americans would have to move and stand. Something had to start this whole bus boycott thing, so what was it that started this whole boycott and protests? Well a woman named Rosa Parks went on the bus one day and there were no more spots so a white needed a spot and she did not give her seat up. She was told to get off the bus at the next stop and was arrested by police waiting for her right at the stop. Mostly African Americans were upset with this and thought it was unfair. They started protesting and having silent protests such as sit-ins and also there was a silent parade on July 28, 1917 in New York. This whole campaign lasted from December 5, 1955- December 20, 1965 in Alabama, Montgomery. These separation laws between whites and African Americans were called the Jim Crow law. This did not just involve transportation but also bathrooms, education, and housing.
Segregation became a really big deal, bigger than it was before. Fighting for segregation was like the whites and African Americans playing tug of war. But it was not just the whites on one side and the African Americans on one side together fighting for their rights but it was mixed too, it was just mostly whites on one side and mostly African Americans on one side. The African Americans' side was fighting for equal rights for all colors to not just have the rule of first come first serve on the buses but also in education, housing, and everything that separated the whites and the African Americans. In 1954, the Supreme Court outlawed segregated public education facilities for blacks and whites. In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was passed and ended segregation laws.
Many people were involved in the protests, not just African Americans but also white college students, and Martin Luther King played a very important role in segregation. The protests were started to get their point across and persuade or tell people that segregation should be banned. White college students came to these protests and some did not even know what was really happening. Martin Luther king played the biggest part in the protests and was not scared of being brave and standing up for what he believed in. He gave a very powerful speech that touched many, called "I have a dream". This changed the whole game and started moving in the direction they were fighting for.
The African Americans had to face some major obstacles throughout this whole process. Discrimination followed them every step, every direction, every store... everywhere. They couldn't get away from it, they had to figure out ways to keep themselves from burning or blowing up and doing something bad. They had to trap their feelings inside. The only way to help them get passed discrimination was to act but not violently. While silently protesting, during sit-ins they would get threats and dirty looks. They could say something or act violently towards the people but they chose not to because that wouldn't do anything and it would just cause more harm. This was all fixed because the Civil Rights Act was passed and discrimination was banned.
There is still the Civil Rights Act. Since then, discrimination has slowly died down. Don't get me wrong, discrimination is banned but there are still people who don't believe we should come together, they still want to be separated. African Americans still get threats and dirty looks but also now some African Americans don't like any whites for the reasoning of discrimination and what happened earlier. Even if the whites didn't do anything, there is still tension between whites and African Americans. Many things have changed for African Americans such as they are allowed to go to schools and they don't get stopped and they get the same education as everyone else. They also got the right to vote without paying and taking a test to see if they can vote.
Something that could very much be related to these times with discrimination is Black Lives Matter. People have protests just like they did back in the day. There are silent protests and also violent protests which is way different from what they did earlier. Earlier they would make sure they are not being violent and they are having mostly just silent protests or just nice protests that don't hurt anyone in anyway. Now some of the Black Lives Matter protests are violent and people have died during these protests. People die during these protests because police think they are dangerous since they are in a violent protest and they don't want anyone to get hurt so they do whatever to protect the people. Yes, some police don't give it enough time and they just shoot but this wouldn't happen if the protests were violent. They just make it worse by making these protests violent. trying to get your point across is easier when you say it or act in a nice way. It will make it easier for the people to listen to what you are trying to say.
- HISTORY.com (n.d.). Montgomery Bus Boycott - Black History - HISTORY.com. HISTORY.com. Retrieved from http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/montgomery-bus-boycott
- N.a (24 Apr. 2017.). African Americans boycott buses for integration in Montgomery, Alabama, U.S., 1955-1956 | Global Nonviolent Action Database. Nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu. Retrieved from http://nvdatabase.swarthmore.edu/content/african-americans-boycott-buses-integration-montgomery-alabama-us-1955-1956
- N.a (1 Jul. 2015.). The African American Legacy and the Challenges of the 21st Century. Doi.gov. Retrieved from https://www.doi.gov/pmb/eeo/AA-HM
- N.a (11 Jun. 2014.). . Nationalhumanitiescenter.org. Retrieved from https://nationalhumanitiescenter.org/pds/maai2/forward/text4/silentprotest.pdf