Cold War: Children & Education Hamish akhtar & Anya van der burg

left to right: poster promoting Soviet Union, poster promoting the United States

America: In the poster made as American propaganda, I used the color red over the face of the child to represent the hold communism supposedly has on her. This is to give the effect of brainwashing, total control, and to encourage fear. During the Cold War, the United States wanted to make all of their citizens believe that communism was evil. To do this they made propaganda posters and described the Soviet Union as a place that wanted turn children into robots that live to serve the state. While doing this project I learned about how demonized the U. S. made communism. They made it seem like even considering communism could turn you into a mindless soldier overnight. Propaganda by the U.S. repeatedly emphasized how the Soviet Union is unknown and scary. Without any actual facts, they were portrayed as evil. The real reason that the U.S. was so opposed to them was because they each just wanted control and to be right. Fear of communism sneaking its way into the government was so great that President Truman even made it perfectly legal to fire someone just because they could possibly be a communist sympathizer. America wanted the children of their nation to side fully with capitalism and not even consider any other ideas which is why many of these ideas were spread.

  1. http://www.openculture.com/2014/11/the-red-menace-a-striking-gallery-of-anti-communist-propaganda.html
  2. http://www.ushistory.org/us/52a.asp
  3. https://prezi.com/vjkias1pskuk/life-of-a-child-during-the-cold-war/
  4. http://www.history.com/topics/cold-war
  5. https://www.gilderlehrman.org/history-by-era/fifties/essays/anti-communism-1950s

Soviet Union: I said "We promote success whereas the U.S. kills it" because the Soviet Union has polices and restrictions that they believe makes them better, and the U.S. doesn't. Through Pre-School, they are taught the principles of health and hygiene. A doctor is on the staff of each school. The activities, including play, are designed to develop social habits, self-reliance, and a sense of responsibility. For example, a popular toy with youngsters is a set of coloured bricks, like ours in everything except size; these bricks are just too big for one child to be able to move and build by itself; it must, therefore, seek the help of a playmate if it wants to build with the bricks. After many experiments in self-government, Soviet schools adopted a system in which the Head and the teachers are mainly responsible for discipline at school, but at the same time there is a measure of self-government and co-operation between teachers, children and parents in running the school. From the age of 12 the pupils form committees, which are responsible for class discipline, the organisation of leisure time in the school, care of school property, and help for backward pupils; they have, therefore, important responsibilities, for which it is felt the younger children are not ready. Corporal punishment is a criminal offence; in very difficult cases expulsion from the school may be used. The emphasis on education was more towards mathematics and science. Girls received the same opportunities as boys, and achievement in math and science were notable.

  1. http://www.revolutionarydemocracy.org/archive/anglosov.htm#6
  2. http://www.academia.edu/2259784/The_Soviet_Education_Model_Russia_s_Communist_Legacy_in_Schools_Past_and_Present
  3. https://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/government/1928/sufds/ch21.htm
  4. https://mdp.berkeley.edu/peter-myers-can-the-soviet-education-system-help-us-now/
  5. https://www.britannica.com/topic/education/Education-under-communism

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Created with images by idreamlikecrazy - "Peculiar"

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