- Leprosy is caused by a bacillus bacterium known as Mycobacterium leprae.
- Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) is a chronic infectious disease that primarily affects the peripheral nerves, skin, upper respiratory tract, eyes, and nasal mucosa (lining of the nose).
- The main symptom of leprosy is disfiguring skin sores, lumps, or bumps that do not go away after several weeks or months. The skin sores are pale-colored.
- In the last two decades more than 16 million people have been cured from leprosy. Leprosy can be treated many different ways. It is treated by antibiotics, anti inflammatory drugs, or thalidomide (suppresses the bodies immune system).
- Leprosy is rarely seen in infants. Leprosy is mostly found from ages 10-14 or 35-44. On a worldwide scale leprosy is reported of about 5.5 million people, with 80% of these cases found in 5 countries: India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Brazil and Nigeria.