The independence of Chile was drafted on January 1, 1818. Chile celebrate their independence on September 18th and the independence was officially claimed on February 12th in 1818. Royalist forces were defeated by Jose de San Martin. Jose de San Martin was an Argentine general who helped much of South America gain their independence. Their government is now a Democratic Republic.
People in Chile speak Spanish. The people speak fast and they don't pronounce the letter "s" at the end of words. Some idioms in Chile that are used are "A Chilean doesn't leave in a rush. He tightens his butt cheeks," and "You have bad fleas," when talking about someone being in a bad mood.
Chile is a very diverse country in many ways. For example, the ethnic makeup of Chile is as follows in the 2010 Census: 52% of Chileans claimed to have European origin, 44% claimed to have Native American origin and 4% claimed to have African origins.
Due to their large coast, much of central and southern Chile contain very fertile soils, where foods like apples, peaches, grapes, asparagus and onions can be grown easily and produce very large crops. Their agricultural roots are very evident in much of their cuisine along with a lot of seafood.
Famous artists in Chile include Roberto Matta, Camilo Mori, and Marta Colvin.
Roberto Matta is one of Chile's most well known artists who's an abstract expressionist while Camilo Mori is the founder of the Grupo Montparnasse which is a group of Chilean artists, and Marta Colvin was a sculptor.
The most well known artifacts seen in Chile are the ones located in Easter Island.
Chile and the U.S. have a very good relationship. The U.S. has been supportive of Chile for many years because Chile is a democracy unlike some other South American countries. The U.S. and Chile have worked together in the past on many important world issues. Chilean president Michelle Bachelet met with President Obama in 2014 to discuss world issues such as human rights violations.
Chile is considered to be one of the most stable nations when considering the economy in South America. It’s also ranked as a high-income economy by the World Bank which is an international financial institution.
Natural resources found in Chile are copper, timber, and nitrate. Copper is the biggest natural resource, but before copper nitrate was the biggest in abundance. The timber is found in southern forests in Chile.