Rhetorical Devices #3 Arizona Jefferson

Ad Hominem

add ho-mi-nem

Definition: an attack directed against a person rather than the position they are maintaining.

Example: “How can you argue your case for vegetarianism when you are enjoying your steak?”

Allusion

uh-loo-zhuh n

Definition: an expression that recalls another work in history, or a famous person.

Example: “When she lost her job, she acted like a Scrooge, and refused to buy anything that wasn’t necessary.”

Analogy

an-a-lo-ge

Definition: a similarity between like features of two things

Example: Basil is to herb as oak is to tree

Antithesis

an-tith-uh-seez

Definition: an opposition to your claim or another's claim

Example: "Speech is silver, but silence is gold."

Aphorism

af-uh-riz-uh m

Definition: a statement that contains opinions or truth.

Example: "There's no time like the present."

Ignorance Argument

ig- nor- ance ar-gu-ment

Definition: an argument that something is true because it hasn't been proven false.

Example: "To this very day (at the time of this writing), science has been unable to create life from non-life; therefore, life must be a result of divine intervention."

Bandwagon

band-wag-uh n

Definition: following the crowd fallacy.

Example: "Marcus wants to go to a small community college close to home, but most of the kids in his class are applying to larger colleges out of state. Marcus decides that he should also apply to those colleges."

Begging the Question

beg-ging the qu-est-ion

Definition: an argument that occurs when the speaker states a claim that uses a word that needs to be defined.

Example: "Killing people is wrong, so the death penalty is wrong."

Connotation

kon-uh-tey-shuh n

Definition: meaning of a word in addition to its meaning

Example: "Home suggests family, comfort and security."

Denotation

dee-noh-tey-shuh n

Definition: the literal meaning of a word in contrast to what the word suggests.

Example: "Rose-literally a type of flower. Used as a symbol for love and beauty."

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