What causes climate change?
- Burning fossil fuels: as oil and gas = Polluting transport. The first of the causes of climate change lies in transportation. 40% of emissions in Spain come from cars, trucks, vans, buses ... but also from water or air vessels.
- Industry as a cause of climate change. We could think that industries such as chemistry or oil are two of the main causes of climate change. That's right, but they are not alone: although it may not seem like it, industries such as dyes, PVC, chlorine or metallurgy also affect greatly, since they generate a large amount of waste, some of them highly toxic.
- Excessive generation of waste. Every person living in Europe generates more than a kilo and a half of garbage a day. 60% of this garbage consists of plastic containers and bags. At this point, the population has the key to reduce waste, and it is possible to do it with small daily actions. And more...
- Deforestation. Many rainforest (for example: The Amazon rainforest) are cut down to make wood…
How will climate change affect the planet?
- Global warming: Factories produce gases that go into the atmosphere and create a fence. The sun's rays bounce on the ground and go to space. But with the gas barrier, the rays bounce in the Earth and bounce again in the gases barrier and cannot go to space and this produces the global warming.
- More rainfall: Heavy rains and other extreme weather events are becoming more frequent and can cause flooding and deterioration of water quality, and even in some areas, a progressive decrease in water resources.
- Changing seasons: Climate change is happening so fast that many species of plants and animals have trouble adapting. Several terrestrial, marine and freshwater species have moved to other habitats. Some species of plants and animals will be even more exposed to extinction risk if global mean temperatures continue to rise uncontrollably.
- Shrinking sea ice: The temperatures increase and the poles are melting. In the polar areas are less glaciers and this affects ecosystems that produce the life.
- Rising sea levels: The melting of the poles and glaciers is causing the level of the oceans to rise, causing flooding and erosion in low-lying and coastal areas.
Climate change in Catalonia
Climate change is already threatening the Mediterranean ecosystems of Catalonia.
Barcelona will be affected by climate change:
- Floods -rising of sea level
- Air quality
- Heat waves
- Heat-island effect
- Biodiversity will suffer.
- Guaranteeing supplies (water and energy)
There are emergency plans for heat waves and drought:
- water is being saved
- alternative hydrological resources are being used
- more trees are being planted in the city and the number of green areas are being increased to provide more shade and cooler temperatures.
How can we help
- Reduce emissions: stop the use of private transport and choose to use sustainable means of transport such as bicycles, public transport ...
- Recycle: use urban containers.
- Reuse, give a second chance to everything you use.
Creado con imágenes de Markus Spiske - "ONE WORLD. Global climate change protest demonstration strike - No Planet B - 09-20-2019" • Patrick Hendry - "Pollution 500" • Jasmin Sessler - "A pile of coffee to go cups in New York City" • Marcin Kempa - "MTB - this is what makes me happy, what turns me on. I love to ride my bike deep into forest and discover new trails and roads. To feel my body and mind are free." • Alto Crew - "untitled image" • Lucas Marcomini - "Mostly hidden and less known, Fjallsarlon is a beautiful glacial lake in the Vatnajokull National Park area, in southern Iceland. That day it was so windy that the boat tours were canceled." • Agustín Lautaro - "untitled image" • Bernard Hermant - "untitled image" • Hamza Javaid - "untitled image" • J Shim - "Arc de Triomf in Barcelona"