African Elephant Loxodonta Africana Spp

African Elephant Timeline

The African Elephant became listed as a vulnerable species in 1989 and now groups such as WWF are making tremendous efforts in order to help the elephants.

The current population for the African Elephant is 415,00

Geographic Information

The African Elephant resides in areas that have a stable food and water source--these may include deep forests, open savannah's, we marshes, and thorn brush. . Those two factors play a huge role in their distribution-- scattered across the eastern, southern, and western Africa. The elephants often migrate from a permanent water source at the beginning of a rainy season and return when the holes start to dry up at the beginning of a dry season. Elephants are also very active during the day and night. Elephant societies are matriarchal and founded around a strong and stable family unit.
The second image is harder to read but the dark green symbolizes know sightings and the light green is possible sightings.

Species Effects

The African Elephants droppings provide lot's of nutrients for the soil and ground in which that they reside. Their droppings also provide food to baboons and birds that rely on the seeds and nuts that are inside the droppings. They also pull down tall trees and break up thorn bushes, resulting from this, they create grasslands and salt licks which in turn, makes it easier for other organisms that live in the same ecosystem. They also create water holes which provides a stable water source for other animals that nee one.

Conservation

Today many efforts are being made in order to protect the African Elephant. An international ban has been put on trading their ivory, reduce of conflict between humans and the animals, and reduce the amount of habitat loss that the elephants suffer.

Timeline

Timeline of events of regarding endangerment

Population Status and Trends

Currently, the elephants are decreasing in numbers as a species. This can be credited to the threats that they face. These include poachers-- wanting ivory, skin, and meat--, habitat loss, and conflict with surrounding communities.

Bibliography

"EDGE of Existence." EDGE of Existence. EDGE, 2005. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.<http://www.edgeofexistence.org/mammals/species_info.php?id=77#ecology>

"How the African Elephant Is Important to Its Ecosystem." Nikela: Finding People Saving African Wildlife in an Old Land Rover. Nikela, 20 July 2015. Web. 04 Jan. 2017. <http://www.nikela.org/how-the-african-elephant-is-important-to-its-ecosystem/>

"Threats to African Elephants." WWF. WWF Global, n.d. Web. 04 Jan. 2017.<http://wwf.panda.org/what_we_do/endangered_species/elephants/african_elephants/afelephants_threats/>

Created By
Sophie Metzger
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Created with images by Ronnie Macdonald - "African Elephants"

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