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The wonderful World of Photography Click

The only way to improve your photography is to Shoot thoughtfully and frequently!

There’s no quick-and-dirty way to pick up a skill like this

Try new things and embrace creative and technical challenges.

I look at photographs all the time and I'm always trying to work out how they did that ? what settings did they use?

Some of my favourite Photographers are

  • Martin Parr
  • Ansel Adams
  • Robert Frank
Brighton beach

Martin Parr has a lot of humour in his Photographs.

Colorado

Ansel Adams was a member of the 64 club, most of his landscapes are taken with an aperture of F64, so a very small hole. He's shutter speed was therefore quite long.

The Americans

The Americans, first published in 1959, gave rise to a distinctly new form of photobooks, He had a plan to capture the real America and not the American Dream.

Keep looking at Photographers work, its an inspirational resource

Its all about the amount of light !

Lets Talk Aperture

Lets keep this really simple

BIG NUMBER = Small hole = Less Light gets to the sensor, Deep depth of field

Small number = BIG HOLE = More Light gets to the sensor, shallow depth of field

Shutterspeed

Measure in fractions of a second

Shutter speed is the length of time your camera shutter is open, exposing light onto the camera sensor. Essentially, it’s how long your camera spends taking a photo. This has a few important effects in how your images will appear.

Long shutter speed = More light hits the sensor, Motion Blur

Fast Shutter speed = Less light hits the sensor, Capture movement

When you use a long shutter speed, you end up exposing your sensor for a significant period of time. The first big effect of shutter speed is motion blur. If your shutter speed is long, moving subjects in your photo will appear blurred along the direction of motion. This effect is used quite often in advertisements of cars and motorbikes, where a sense of speed and motion is communicated to the viewer by intentionally blurring the moving wheels.

ISO

Small Number=Less Light, Crisp and clear

BIG NUMBER = lots of Light, Grainy (Noise)

It always a good idea to do an ISO test on your camera so you can see how far you can push it.

So thats Aperture, Shutterspeed and ISO but how do they work together?

If one of the options is fixed then chances are you are going to have to adjust the other 2 in order to get the exposure you want. I think of it like a puzzle, all the piece are moving but I have to make then fit together.

Work out your own process

The first thing I always to do is access the scene

Ask your self the following questions

Do I want a shallow depth of field-even-deep?

Is Aperture my Priority

Is there movement ?

Is Shutter speed more Important

What is the lighting situation?

Where shall I set my ISO, will I need to compromise quality ?

In most cases aperture is usually my first priority

And then I work out the rest

Think of “exposure” as simply the amount of light hitting the camera’s sensor. The sensor is being “exposed” to the light. We can control how much light hits the sensor by:

Aperture – How LARGE of lens OPENING

Shutter Speed – How LONG of a time the shutter remains open, to allow light in.

ISO – How SENSITIVE to light the actual sensor is

In Short

The shutter speed is how fast the shutter opens and closes. If the shutter is open longer, more light is let into the camera. If it opens and closes really fast, less light is let in.

If you have a wide open aperture, (Small Number) your shutter speed will need to be faster, because you’re already letting a lot of light in the lens opening. If your aperture is small, your shutter will need to move slower, so there is more time for light to get to the sensor.

If you want to freeze the action, or hand-hold your camera, then a faster shutter speed is needed. If you want to create blur, then you need a slower shutter speed.

The viewfinder in your camera is your best friend

Use it to guide you

Listen to you shutter speed

Dont panic if you miss a shot because it took you too long to set the camera it happens to everybody !

Keep this handy so you can refer to it as often as you need to

Read your manual, you need to know where all your buttons and whistles are to make full use of your equipment.

Shoot shoot shoot ! and keep shooting

It will click !

Credits:

Created with images by geralt - "photographer camera hand" • chuttersnap - "untitled image" • jarmoluk - "photographer camera photo photos foto lens take" • kkolosov - "top view closeup vegetarianism healthy eating vegetables" • Scott Webb - "Fairground swing ride" • webandi - "candle light candlelight" • chuttersnap - "untitled image" • Braden Collum - "Relay runner" • stevepb - "bullet cartridge ammunition crime ammo shell bullets"

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