Separation of Powers Vocabulary

Separation: not joined, connected, or combined

(Separación) (Séparation)

Legislative: having the power to make laws

(Legislativo) (Législatif)

Executive: responsible for making sure laws are carried out

(ejecutivo) (l'exécutif)

Judicial: relating to courts of law or judges


Limited: not high or great in number

(restringido) (limité)

Article: a separate part of a legal document that deals with a single subject

(cláusula) (article)

Amendments: Changes to the Constitution


Federalism: a system of government where states share power with the federal (national) government.


Popular Sovereignty: the government gets its power from the people through voting

(soberanía popular) (souveraineté populaire)

Judicial Review: When the Supreme Court reviews a law to tell whether it is constitutional or not.

(Revisión judicial) (Une revue judiciaire)

Checks and Balances: The system that prevents one branch of government from having too much power

(Controles y balances) (Contrepoids et contrepoids)

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