In 1951 Linda an eight year old girl called Linda had to go all across her town just to get to the all black elementary school when the white school was only a few blocks away.
In Topeka, Kansas school segregation was legal, so African American kids could not go to the same school as whites. Which some people did not think was fair.
Justices Hugo Black, William O. Douglas, Harold Burton, Felix Frankfurter, and Sherman Minton all thought segregation was unconstitutional . Justice Stanley Reed did not think segregation was unconstitutional (he did not really care that segregation was happening). The justices agreed( or most of them did ) to ban school segregation in Topeka, Kansas.