The Cold War was the battle between communism [Soviet Union (USSR)] and capitalism [United States (US)]

It took place during the 20th century.
The space race was a race to get to the moon between the US and the USSR.

On October 4, 1957 the USSR launched a artificial satellite called Sputnik. It was the first satellite to orbit the earth. The US didn't want to loose to much ground on the USSR so in 1958 the US launched their own satellite called the explorer 1.

Explorer 1
Luna 2

In 1959, the USSR sent the Luna 2 to the moon. It was the first probe to the moon. Then they sent Yuri Gagarin into the earths orbit, and he was the first to be in the orbit of the earth. He was in the Vostok 1.

Volstok 1

On May 5, 1959, the US sent Alan Shepard into space although he never went into orbit.

JFK declared that the US would have a person land on the moon before the end of the decade.

In 1967 three astronauts were killed on launch. The spacecraft started on fire.

Apollo 8

In December of 1968 the US launched the Apollo 8, the first space shuttle to orbit the moon that was man flown.

Apollo 11

On July 16th the US sent Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin, and Michael Collins to the moon on the Apollo 11. It was the first attempt to land on the moon. It landed successfully on July 20th. Neil Armstrong made the famous quote "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."

Although the US was the first to the moon, the USSR were the first to go into space.

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