What is Matter? By angel orr

Matter is a physical substance in general, as distinct from mind and spirit; (in physics) that which occupies space and possesses rest mass, especially as distinct from energy. Matter has two parts: pure substance and mixture.

Pure Subtance

Pure substance is a sample of matter with both definite and constant composition with distinct chemical properties.

A glass of water, a diamond, and gold is an example of a pure substance. Substances can be classified in two groups, an element and a compound.

Elements

Elements are a part or aspect of something abstract, and especially one that is essential or characteristic.

For example some elements are sodium, hydrogen, helium, and gold.

Compounds

Compounds are a thing that is composed of two or more separate elements; a mixture.

For example some compounds are carbon dioxide (carbon and oxygen), common salt (sodium, chlorine), sulphate (copper, sulphur, oxygen), and hydrogen chloride (chlorine and hydrogen).

Mixtures

A mixture is a substance made by mixing other substances together.

For example trail mix, soil,cookie dough, and m&m's.

Homogeneous Mixture
Homogeneous example

Homogeneous is a mixture which has uniform composition and properties throughout.

For example coffee, tooth paste, and kool-aid are a homogeneous mixture.

Solutions
Rubbing alcohol and salt water.

A solution is a liquid mixture in which the minor component (the solute) is uniformly distributed within the major component (the solvent).

For Example rubbing alcohol and salt water.

Heterogeneous Mixture
Heterogeneous example

Heterogeneous is a mixture is a combination of two or more pure substances in which the original substances retain their chemical properties.

For example salt and pepper, chocolate chip cookies, m&m's, and a bowl of cereal/milk are a heterogeneous mixture.

Suspension
Sandy water

A suspension is a two phased system in which a finely divided solid in dispersed in a continuous phase of solid, liquid, or gas.

An example of suspension is sandy water or muddy water.

Colloid
Examples

A colloid isa homogeneous, noncrystalline substance consisting of large molecules or ultramicroscopic particles of one substance dispersed through a second substance. Colloids include gels, sols, and emulsions; the particles do not settle and cannot be separated out by ordinary filtering or centrifuging like those in a suspension.

Some examples are of colloid are mayo, butter, whipped cream, jelly, and paper.

Credits:

Created with images by aumod - "fence railing wood" • nicolaticola - "glass cup drink" • FontShop - "Periodic Table of Font Elements 1.1" • Unsplash - "sand beach water"

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