La Historia de España Nombre 14 - 8 estrellas

On this page, I will tell (contar) you about the complete abridged edition of the History of Spain (La Historia de España). Make sure to pay close attention, it can get very confusing. You will learn about invasions, numerous rulers, and different religions that influenced Spain (España).

Spanish Invasions

Spain had fertile land, a great climate, and it was a huge trade route. Because of this, Spain was invaded (invadido) a lot.

After the Celtas, Iberos, and the Romans invaded, the Moors were the last invaders. The Moors conquered (conquistada) almost all of the peninsula.

Fighting Between Religions

There was almost continual fighting (lucha) between Christians, Cristianos, (in the north) and Muslims, Musulmanes, (in the south).

Toledo had Jews (Judíos), Christians, and Muslims lived (vivió) in peace. The influence of all three religions is still present today.

End of the Moors

Two Catholic (Católico) Rulers, Fernando of Aragon and Isabel of Castilla, got married (casado) in 1469 and together had great military success. They united (unido) Christian kingdoms and defeated (derrotado) the Moors in Granada in 1492.

The Spanish Inquisition (Inquisición)

Catholics took (tomó) over Spain and forced (forzado) all Jews to convert (convertir) to christianity or leave (salir). If they didn't they could be tortured (torturado) or even killed (delicado).

End of Hasburg

Carlos II died (murió) in 1700, leaving no heir to the throne (trono).

There is fighting and war over the throne. Eventually, the Bourbon family takes (toma) the throne.

More War (Guerra)!

A rebellion (rebelión) of May 2nd, 1808, in Madrid, begins (comienza) War of Spanish Independence (Independencia). The constitution of 1812 established (establecido) a parliamentary monarchy (monarquía).

A Different Form of Government (Gobierno)

The First Spanish Republic (República) was proclaimed in 1873. It was unsuccessful and ended (terminado) in 1874.

Back to the Bourbon Family

The Bourbons return to the throne with Alfonso XII. His son Alfonso XIII allowed a military (militar) general to establish a dictatorship (dictadura) from 1923-1931. The dictatorship is unsuccessful and a vote is held in 1931 if Spain should continue a monarchy or give democracy another try.

Back to the Republic

The Second Republic of Spain is established in 1931. They set up a new, progressive constitution (constitución), which gives women the right to vote, allows divorce, separates the Church (Iglesia) from the State (Estado), and creates (crea) public schools.

The new government creates an even deeper political and social divide.

Civil War (Guerra Civil)

General Francisco Franco stages a military revolt in 1936, beginning the civil war. The War ends in 1939, with Franco’s Nationalist forces winning.

Francisco Franco became dictator of Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975.

Democracy

Franco chooses grandson of Alfonso XIII to take over but, Juan Carlos I de Borbon becomes the King of Spain. Juan Carlos declares democracy in Spain. He names Adolfo Suarez as first Prime Minister.

Spain's Current Leaders

As a parliamentary monarchy, Spain retains its royal family, although all government decisions are handled by Parliament and the President of the Government.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "palace castle charles v" • JaimePF55 - "tower gold seville" • jarmoluk - "panorama the cathedral sagrada familia" • WeVe1 - "SPAIN" • rick ligthelm - "Madrid, Spain" • Photographing Travis - "Cell" • They-Speak A Different-Language - "Spanish Ruin" • sergei.gussev - "untitled image" • MemoryCatcher - "village roofs mediterranean" • helenmlittle0 - "alhambra granada spain" • Efraimstochter - "spain flag flutter" • juliacasado1 - "ancient ruins ruins of empúries empãºries" • pitisawa - "cadiz spain silhouette" • federicojorda - "San Jerónimo, el Real -Madrid"

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