Who: Edward piper drove a herd approximately 1000 longhorns from Texas to ohio
What: cattle drive is the process of moving a heard of cattle from one place to another usual moved and herded by cowboys on horses
why: Cattle drives were a major economic activity in the 19th-century American West, particularly between 1866 and 1886, when 20 million cattle were herded from Texas to rail heads in Kansas, for shipments to stockyards in Chicago and points east.
where: The first cattle drives from Texas on the legendary Chisholm Trail headed north out of DeWitt County about 1866, crossing Central Texas toward the markets and railheads in Kansas. The trail was named for Indian trader Jesse Chisholm, who blazed a cattle trail in 1865 between the North Canadian and Arkansas river
Somewhere in Mexico in the 1500s, cattle from Spanish stock meandered north to graze. They had longer horns than most cattle, often spanning six feet, and were lean bordering on bony. As they wandered across the frontier, they met sturdy, speckled-coated British-bred cattle moving west from the eastern U.S coasts. Nature took its course, and by the 1800s, a new breed of strong, hardy, disease-resistant Longhorn cattle roamed the Texas frontier by the millions
Just after the Civil War, longhorn beef sold for about $1.50 per head in overstocked Texas, but in the burgeoning cities on the east and west coasts, the coveted meat went for $30.00 to $40.00 per head. Texas ranchers could make huge profits by moving their herds north on the now-famous trails that stretched from far south Texas to the Kansas railroad towns. From the 1860s to the late 1880s, cowboys herded over ten million cattle to market on the controlled chaos of a trail drive. Hard to believe that all that legendary Texas cattle history happened in a mere 20 years.